Who’s to blame for rising tuition prices at public colleges?

first_imgBut the precise impact of state budget cuts on student tuition has never really been clear — a drop in one doesn’t usually lead to an equal increase in the other.“There’s this accepted narrative that is repeated everywhere from Capitol Hill to state legislatures with very little evidence,” Jason Delisle, a resident fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, told me.He found only three studies addressing this question over the last two decades.“Anywhere else in higher education, few people would make the assertions they are making with that little evidence,” he added.The body of research on the topic is slowly growing, however, as two studies in recent months have attempted to answer the question about whether state budget cuts are to blame for higher tuition prices.One, by the right-learning American Enterprise Institute, found that tuition prices at public institutions rise by only $5 for every $100 cut from direct subsidies per student.The other, in the journal Economics of Education Review, found the pass-through rate is about $25 for every $100 cut. And the gap between in-state and out-of-state tuition prices charged by public campuses has grown significantly in many states as colleges see out-of-state students as a critical revenue source.Then there is the news out of Pennsylvania this past week that a 4-month-old state budget impasse might lead the so-called state-related campuses — Penn State, Temple, Lincoln and the University of Pittsburgh — to eliminate lower tuition prices altogether for in-state students.Leaders at those four Pennsylvania schools blame state lawmakers for bringing their institutions to the brink of what would be a hefty tuition increase — about $10,000 at Penn State alone.Since 2000, lawmakers have been chipping away at taxpayer appropriations to the Pennsylvania schools, which have seen their share decline by some $4,000 per student.Average tuition revenue increased by $5,880 per student over the same period.The story is similar in other states: Appropriations to public colleges are cut, or at the best, remain flat, and then tuition prices go up.That has resulted in a narrative repeated among public university officials nationwide in recent years that as states get out of the business of higher education, students are shouldering more of the cost of their own education. The renowned University of California system was tuition-free for state residents until the late 1960s.As late as 2001, when I covered the University of North Carolina system as a reporter, tuition and fees across the system were about $2,000 a year (today, tuition at the flagship Chapel Hill campus is about $8,900).Nowadays, higher education is seen as a private good that individuals pay for.This massive shift in public policy largely happened without much debate.A while back when I asked a legislator in Oregon if it was appropriate for students at public colleges to pay $40,000 for four years of college.The response I got was this: “Sure, that’s the price of a new car.”What’s notable is that increases in public college tuition have mostly come at the hands of state lawmakers and higher-education leaders who themselves benefited from low tuition rates at state universities when they earned degrees. Categories: Editorial, OpinionComplaints about rising college costs are nothing new, but for students and parents calculating the price of college these days, the exercise has become a much more complicated task compared to just a decade ago.Tuition at four-year public colleges, which historically had always been well below the sticker price of private colleges, has risen more than 100 percent in real dollars since 2001, after taking inflation into account.Meanwhile, the discounts offered by private colleges on their prices are now above 50 percent on some campuses, bringing their “net-tuition prices” — that is, what students actually pay — closer to public schools.center_img Although the two studies landed on somewhat different numbers, Delisle said the spread between the two still shows that a majority of tuition increases aren’t tied to cuts in state budgets.“There’s something else going on with tuition that is out of the hands of state legislators,” he said.The author of the second study, Douglas Webber, a Temple University economics professor, told me that calculating the cost of state budget cuts on students is difficult because multiple factors influence tuition prices.In some states, college leaders are limited by law in how much they can increase tuition.In other instances, they might decide to hold the line on tuition by trimming their own budgets first or raising more money through private sources.While it might not be clear who is to blame for higher tuition prices, there is no doubt that students at public colleges are shouldering more of the burden of paying for their education, whatever the reason.It used to be that higher education was seen as a public good that taxpayers support. In most states, tuition decisions have not only come without much debate, but without much of a long-range plan for the future of public higher education:Who should it serve? Who should pay for it?Instead, colleges and lawmakers have limped along patching together short-term strategies, such as increases in out-of-state enrollment, to bring in more revenue.Tuition has too often turned into the balance-wheel of state finances, the go-to source for dollars when budgets for states or universities didn’t quite even out at the end of the day.It’s unclear how much longer both groups can use tuition as that lever they pull every year, and we might soon find out what the consequences of a lack of planning will be.Jeffrey J. Selingo is editor at large for the Chronicle of Higher Education.More from The Daily Gazette:EDITORIAL: Thruway tax unfair to working motoristsEDITORIAL: Urgent: Today is the last day to complete the censusEDITORIAL: Beware of voter intimidationEDITORIAL: Find a way to get family members into nursing homesFoss: Should main downtown branch of the Schenectady County Public Library reopen?last_img read more

Comment: Creating conditions to foster growth

first_imgWould you like to read more?Register for free to finish this article.Sign up now for the following benefits:Four FREE articles of your choice per monthBreaking news, comment and analysis from industry experts as it happensChoose from our portfolio of email newsletters To access this article REGISTER NOWWould you like print copies, app and digital replica access too? SUBSCRIBE for as little as £5 per week.last_img

Pharma companies should focus on multivitamins: Association

first_imgHospitals have also suspended some nonemergency procedures, especially dentistry, elective surgery and ear, nose and throat (ENT) services since April, consequently pushing down demand for various types of medicines.Furthermore, Tirto said, pharmaceutical companies should prepare themselves for the post-pandemic era by manufacturing drugs for diseases that are projected to grow in the future, such as cardiovascular diseases and diabetes.Meanwhile, the Indonesian Food and Drug Monitoring Agency (BPOM) has announced that it has deregulated the drug certification process to expedite the pre-manufacturing process of pharmaceutical products, including health supplements.The BPOM’s drug registration director, Lucia Rizka Andalucia, said on Tuesday that the agency had simplified the certification process for pharmaceutical products that are being developed to combat the spread of COVID-19.“We’re simplifying and deregulating our certification process without reducing our standards for products that are used against COVID-19, such as hand sanitizer, health supplements and medicines,” she said during an online webinar held by marketing consulting firm Markplus.Lucia claimed that the processing time to obtain the good medicine manufacturing practices certification (CPOB) had been cut to seven working days from previously 35 working days.Meanwhile, the licensing process for good cosmetics manufacturing practices (CPKB) certification, which is needed to produce hand gels and sanitizers, was slashed to two working days from 20 working days.“We also provide assistance during the development of vaccines and drugs and could possibly provide regulatory relaxation and waivers based on our risk assessment of the products,” she said.Topics : Pharmaceutical companies might have to switch the focus of their production to dietary supplements such as multivitamins during the pandemic to cater to increasing consumer demand, an industry association has stated.Indonesian Pharmaceutical Association (GP Farmasi) chairman Tirto Kusnadi told The Jakarta Post on Wednesday that companies should capitalize on increasing demand for multivitamins as sales of other pharmaceutical products had declined during the health crisis.“People are scrambling for multivitamins to maintain their immune system, so companies that produce vitamins have seen their sales double,” he said in a phone interview. Publicly listed pharmaceutical companies, such as Indofarma and Kalbe Farma, have reported an increase in multivitamin sales since the pandemic. Kalbe Farma recorded a 6.9 percent year-on-year (yoy) jump in net sales of its consumer health products, which include vitamins, in the first quarter this year to Rp 996 billion (US$70.1 million), higher than the sales growth of prescription pharmaceutical products at 5.3 percent.Tirto said that demand for generic drugs, frequently prescribed for patients under the Health Care and Social Security Agency (BPJS Kesehatan) program, had dropped by around 25 percent since the outbreak of the virus as fear of contagion is discouraging people from visiting hospitals.“People are afraid of contracting COVID-19 at a hospital, so they have been avoiding [hospitals] since the pandemic started. Therefore, pharmaceutical companies must align their product portfolios with this behavioural change,” he said.Hospital occupancy in Indonesia had fallen to between 20 and 50 percent as COVID-19 continues to spread across the country, the Health Ministry’s director for referral health services, Tri Hesty Widyastoeti Marwotosoeko, said in early May.last_img read more

RB Leipzig troll Timo Werner after Chelsea’s FA Cup loss to Arsenal

first_imgRB Leipzig insinuated that Timo Werner is already asking to return (Twitter)Werner has already been training with his new Chelsea teammates and the forward could also be linking up with his Germany teammate Kai Havertz at Stamford Bridge next season.Chelsea are in pole position to sign Havertz and have opened talks with Bayer Leverkusen over a deal this summer.More: Arsenal FCArsenal flop Denis Suarez delivers verdict on Thomas Partey and Lucas Torreira movesThomas Partey debut? Ian Wright picks his Arsenal starting XI vs Manchester CityArsene Wenger explains why Mikel Arteta is ‘lucky’ to be managing ArsenalBayer Leverkusen manager Peter Bosz has also claimed that Havertz has already made a decision over his future.‘I talk to Kai a lot and try to feel what all this does to him. For example, these daily rumours about transfers,’ he told Deutschen Presse-Agentur.‘I keep finding that Kai is handling all of this very well. I don’t think he will stop playing at 29.‘Yes, I know what he wants to do, but of course I’m not going to give it away, it’s up to him.’Follow Metro Sport across our social channels, on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram. For more stories like this, check our sport page. Advertisement RB Leipzig troll Timo Werner after Chelsea’s FA Cup loss to Arsenal Timo Werner joined Chelsea from RB Leipzig for £47.5 million (Getty Images)RB Leipzig have trolled Timo Werner after he watched Chelsea’s FA Cup final defeat to Arsenal on Saturday.Chelsea’s £47.5 million signing was in the stands at Wembley as Frank Lampard’s side took an early lead through Christian Pulisic.But Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang pulled Arsenal level from the penalty spot before he scored a fine solo effort in the second half to secure the Gunners’ 14th FA Cup trophy.During the second half, television cameras spotted Werner appearing to message someone on his phone as Chelsea pushed for an equaliser.ADVERTISEMENTAnd Werner’s former club RB Leipzig took the opportunity to make a joke at the striker’s expense and insinuate that Chelsea’s new signing is already looking to leave Stamford Bridge.AdvertisementAdvertisementIn an image posted on Twitter, RB Leipzig posted a mock-up of Werner’s Whatsapp conversation with the status: ‘Timo Werner is typing’. Timo Werner was in the stands at Wembley as Chelsea were beaten by Arsenal in the FA Cup final (FA Cup)center_img Metro Sport ReporterSunday 2 Aug 2020 8:46 amShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link7.8kShares Advertisement Commentlast_img read more

Celebrating Hispanic Heritage and Contributions to Pennsylvania

first_img SHARE TWEET By: Darwin Paz, Digital Assistant Like Governor Tom Wolf on Facebook: Facebook.com/GovernorWolf Latino Affairs, The Blog, Videos As National Hispanic Heritage Month 2016 draws to a close, we continue to recognize the many ways Hispanics contribute to the growth of Pennsylvania. Over the last month, Pennsylvanians have taken the opportunity to celebrate the cultural traditions and to honor the significant achievements of our Hispanic and Latino American communities.History of Hispanic Heritage MonthNational Hispanic Heritage Month evolved from National Hispanic Heritage Week, first observed in 1968 under President Lyndon Johnson. In 1988, President Ronald Reagan expanded this celebration to cover the 30-day period we are familiar with today: September 15 through October 15th.This date range is significant because it includes the dates that many South American countries celebrate the anniversary of their independence, including Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Mexico, and Chile. This date range also encompasses the celebration of Día de la Raza or Columbus Day, which is on October 12.To further exemplify this national observance, Governor Tom Wolf signed a proclamation recognizing Hispanic Heritage Month in Pennsylvania.Over the last month, organizations across the commonwealth hosted events to recognize the many contributions Hispanic Americans make to our commonwealth.Pennsylvania’s MakeupAccording to the Pew Research Center, more than 834,000 Hispanic Americans call Pennsylvania home and lead in business, industry, government, education, the sciences, arts, faith and the armed forces.Pennsylvania’s Hispanic American population grew by more than 80 percent between 2000 and 2010, according to U.S. Census data.A study lead by the Greater Philadelphia Hispanic Chamber of Commerce found that the Greater Philadelphia Region, representing the second largest Hispanic market in northeastern United States, grew by 58.3% from 2000 to 2010.That same study also highlighted that Hispanic Americans in the Greater Philadelphia Region have a total purchasing power of approximately $4.2 billion.Dating back to the revolution, Hispanic Americans have always played a an integral role in government, including helping Pennsylvania champion its title as the keystone state during the formation of the United States.Today, two of the commonwealth’s highest positions are served by Hispanic Americans: Secretary Pedro Cortez, Pennsylvania Department of State, and Secretary Pedro Rivera, Pennsylvania Department of Education.Hispanic Heritage Month is an opportunity for all Pennsylvanians to join together to celebrate our commonwealth’s rich, diverse heritage and our common pursuit of life and liberty. Celebrating Hispanic Heritage and Contributions to Pennsylvania October 14, 2016 SHARE Email Facebook Twitterlast_img read more

Gold Coast home with it all fetches more than $1m

first_imgEat dinner under the stars every night. More from news02:37International architect Desmond Brooks selling luxury beach villa16 hours ago02:37Gold Coast property: Sovereign Islands mega mansion hits market with $16m price tag2 days agoThe perfect place to curl up on the couch with a book.“The buyers were the very first group through the open home,” he said.“They’re a professional couple with two young boys.“They instantly fell in love from the moment they stepped through the front door.“This is now going to be their home, they were renting previously.”Among the home’s standout features are a tennis court, infinity edge waterfall pool, dining room with glass ceiling and sitting area surrounded by windows. The home at 5 Charolais Cres, Benowa Waters, has an infinity edge pool and tennis court.A WATERFRONT property with an infinity edge waterfall pool and tennis court has sold for more than $1 million.The five-bedroom Benowa Waters home at 5 Charolais Cres has changed hands for $1.725 million.Marketing agent Scott Euler, who handled the sale with his @realty colleague Nicola Buchanan, said they had 60 groups of people through in the three weeks it was on the market.A local couple bought the property. There’s plenty of cooking space in this kitchen.center_img Imagine winter nights by the fire.“Another attraction too is that the property is very deceptive from the street,” Mr Euler said.He said the sprawling 1336sq m block could only be fully appreciated once inside the home.“It’s a real rarity in that pocket,” Mr Euler said.Property records show the home was last sold in 2002 for $1.05 million. This home’s size is deceiving front the street.last_img read more

Bassoe – Green oil: offshore rig technology disruption in Norway continues

first_imgAwilco’s new rig designBy: David Carter ShinnThe next generation of harsh environment semisubs is on its way as the Norwegian oil industry takes a step forward in its quest for optimization and sustainability.Norway, a global center of offshore drilling technology development and trendsetter in environmental regulations, has been playing around with the idea of the “perfect” rig for decades. Each time one design seems to meet the latest requirements, the list of stuff operators and government authorities wish they had on their rigs grows.It all started out as a pioneering attempt to drill in some of the harshest sea conditions on earth. Rigs just needed to be able to work. And they did. From there, newer, better technical solutions were found and requirements became more stringent.Over the years, as ambitions evolved, rig owners designed and ordered newer and bigger and more sophisticated rigs. The best rigs in the fleet today offer unmatched power and efficiency.Now, the Norwegian government and operators like Statoil – who has decided to change their name to Equinor to reflect their greener, more sustainable vision – have become more dedicated than ever to ensuring that offshore drilling rigs be as environmentally friendly, safe, and efficient (cheap to run) as possible. And they won’t stop this crusade until they stop drilling for oil.New operational mandates, which mark the latest disruption in offshore drilling engineering, will lead to a new generation of harsh environment rigs.Gotta drill; gotta preserveAccording to the Norwegian Petroleum Directoratet (NPD), the Barents Sea accounts for nearly two thirds of the estimated undiscovered resources in Norwegian waters. This area is also one of the most pristine, unadulterated places on earth.Norwegian authorities must balance their drive for sustainability and efficiency with their need to drill in more challenging areas like the Barents Sea.While oil companies have drilled in the Barents for over a decade, operators are now expanding their interest into larger areas with tougher environmental conditions. This will affect which drilling assets are preferred (or required).That means rig owners must seek further advancements in winterization, reduced carbon emissions, and higher operational efficiency not only for the Barents, but for pretty much all of Norway.Current rigs won’t disappear, but there is space for new generation rigsNew regulations won’t mean that all rigs currently operating in Norway will have to be replaced. For now, it does mean the trend of older rigs being phased out will accelerate, and the existing “premium” rigs (the recently-built CS-60s, CAT-Ds, GVA 7500, and Aker H-6s) will secure longer contracts, at higher dayrates, in more challenging areas.The expectation that demand in Norway will approach or surpass previous highs of 27 semisubs creates a scenario that supports the influx of next generation rigs into the market. Based on data from Bassoe Analytics, we consider there to be only 27 competitive rigs that will be able to work in Norway over the next few years. Of these, up to six rigs could remain outside of Norway. That leaves only 16 rigs plus Awilco’s recently-ordered CS-60 ECO.Over time, as the competitive supply of Norwegian-sector rigs shrinks, owners will order next generation rigs to meet new requirements.Future rigs will take technology to the next levelThe most recent generation of harsh environment semisubs burn more fuel than they should and don’t work as efficiently as available technology could make them work.For example, in rough weather, some of these rigs can’t fully operate their drilling equipment because power must be diverted to their dynamic positioning system (because their mooring system isn’t strong enough to keep the rig on location on its own). That equals downtime, more fuel consumption, and higher costs.These issues partly led to the development of enhanced designs like the CS-60 ECO which Awilco ordered from Keppel FELS in March. They’re focusing on less extra “stuff” and more optimization for Norway.While there will continue to be requirements for dynamic positioning (DP) in certain areas, future Norwegian-sector rigs are likely to forego DP systems. They’ll go back to mooring systems like their predecessors (but better, and with thruster assist). On top of that, they’ll add battery (hybrid) technology which allows excess power from the generators to be captured in batteries which can be used to run equipment using less fuel. Lower emissions, lower costs.Hull design and layout will play a key role. The current latest designs are adapted for operations in both deepwater and harsh environment areas. Because of this, they’re bigger and have higher displacement than they need. Next generation hulls will be smaller and specified for midwater only, with mooring systems which perform better relative to hull size and weight. Hull layout will be geared toward production drilling with the ability to handle horizontal trees on deck.Digitalization, artificial intelligence, predictive maintenance, and intelligent green future (IGF) technology will also be in focus. They’ll ensure optimal uptime, reduced human error, and environmental risk reduction.Next generation semisub designs for Norway are comingShipyards and rig designers are investing in next generation rig designs for the midwater harsh environment sector as it’s the only one likely to experience newbuild supply growth for the next few years.With the Korean shipyards’ strategy to move away from offshore drilling rig construction, Singapore and China control the market and will compete for orders. Although we don’t expect a newbuilding boom, we will see competitive pricing and more orders from established rig owners and new-entrant players through 2019 as the disruption in offshore rig technology continues.Offshore Energy Today has shared the article above with permission from the author. You can read the original post at Bassoe.noThe views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of Offshore Energy Today.last_img read more

Lady Indians Netters Fall Short To Lady Trojans

first_imgThe Lady Indians of Milan displayed inspirational grit and determination before falling to the Trojans of East Central 5-0.The dynamic Senior Duo of Tori Haessig and Abby Riehle took EC’s #1 Doubles down to the 3rd Set Tiebreaker, nearly completing the upset. The JV was led by Sophomore Lucy Ortt’s Singles victory and strong performances fellow Sophomore Jessica Starkey and Freshmen Octavia Dieng and Delaney Bushhorn.There will be no rest for the girls as South Dearborn comes calling Thursday where Milan looks to take its first overall team victory of the season.Courtesy of Indians Coach Kyle Flynn.last_img

IMCA Stock Cars in spotlight Friday at U.S. 36 Raceway

first_imgThe Doyle Lance Remembrance Race pays $700 to win and $100 to start and is using a draw/redraw format. IMCA Modifieds, IMCA RaceSaver Sprint Cars and Karl Kustoms Northern Sport Mods are also racing. OSBORN, Mo. – This Friday, June 26, at U.S. 36 Raceway the IMCA Sunoco Stock Cars headline the night with the running of the Doyle Lance Remembrance Race. center_img Pit gates open at 4 p.m. The grandstands open at 6 p.m., with hot laps at 7:30 p.m. and racing at 8 p.m. Tickets for the event are $15 for general admission, $12 for senior and military and children 12 and younger are free. Online ticket purchases are available at https://market.myracepass.com/store/tickets/?i=1211733&store=17636.last_img

Cricket News RIP Australia cricket – 23 years of dominance officially ends after India series loss

first_img For all the Latest Sports News News, Cricket News News, Download News Nation Android and iOS Mobile Apps. New Delhi: May 3, 1995. Sabina Park, Jamaica. West Indies vs Australia. Mark Taylor’s side wins the final Test by an innings and 53 runs to win the four-match series 2-1. It officially marked the changing of the guard in world cricket. West Indies, who were unbeaten in a series for 15 years, were no longer the dominators. The mantle was passed to Australia, who had now become the ultimate Test team. 23 years later, on a gloomy and overcast January day at the Sydney Cricket Ground, a draw results in Virat Kohli’s Indian cricket team winning the four-Test series 2-1. Australia has lost a series at home against an Asian nation for the first time.If Jamaica 1995 marked the change of guard in world cricket, then Sydney 2019 marks the official end of Australia’s dominance and raises questions on their cricketing system. When South Africa had defeated Australia for the first time in 2008 in Melbourne, the team was in decline. The Ashes loss against England resulted in the Argus Review which looked at improving performance. For some time, it worked. However, on hindsight, it seems that the Argus review was just a band-aid over a wound which required surgery.Read More | Kohli’s India break 71 years of pain, clinch series in AustraliaMake no mistake about it. A similar obituary was written about Australian cricket when they had squandered 16 years of dominance at home against South Africa in 2008. This series loss against India is dispiriting for several reasons. One, Australia’s current crop of players cannot tackle swing and seam. Two, their techniques are shredded by spinners. However, they had the comforts of home to fall back on after each overseas loss. Not anymore.Read More | This Test series win greater than 2011 World Cup victory: Virat KohliBleak scenarioThe sandpaper gate fiasco robbed Australia of Steve Smith and David Warner, two of the team’s best batsmen for a year. Smith, in particular, was the difference in the 2014/15 series in which he smashed 769 runs at an average of over 100 which helped Australia win the series 2-0 against India. However, the decline of Australia cricket did not begin in 2018. It was a culmination of steady deterioration in the first-class system of Australia.Read More | Kohli’s India rake amazing numbers after historic winOne tweet by an Australian journalist highlighted the gulf. From 1997 to 2009, the peak years of Australia’s dominance, there would be one batsman almost every year that would go past 900 or 1000 runs in the domestic Sheffield Shield tournament. Since that period, there has been none. The failure to identify Australia’s next Ricky Ponting, Adam Gilchrist, Matthw Hayden, Justin Langer or Damien Martyn has hurt Australia big time. It showed in the series against India. Not a single century from an Australian batsman in the four-Test series, the first time this fate has happened in 100 years. In 2018, only one century in the last 10 Tests and no batsmen averaging 40.Read More | Virat Kohli’s side create history with maiden series win Down UnderNo talent in Sheffield ShieldThe lack of runs accumulated by players who are on the domestic circuit in Australia is worrying. Cheteshwar Pujara and Mayank Agarwal, who batted out a lot of balls during the Melbourne Test, highlighted the robustness of India’s domestic structure. After the win, skipper Virat Kohli said, “Making plenty of runs in a tough first-class environment back home only bodes well for us when required to bat long periods of time. You need to learn the art of batting in a variety of conditions before having the tools to convert this into the Test arena,” Kohli said. Kerry O’Keefe, who had angered fans by ridiculing the first-class system in India, perhaps needs to look inwards at the rot in his own land.This quote by Kohli is a reflection of Australia’s current batting, which have collapsed too regularly and have been unable to tackle the conditions outside home. Even in this series, India’s bowlers, the likes of Jasprit Bumrah, Mohammed Shami and Ishant Sharma turned the tables and exposed Australia’s technical inefficiencies.The series result is the culmination of plenty of flaws in the Australian system, long hailed as one of the best. Now, the world stage is open for a new dominator. The tide is changing for teams when it comes to overseas performances, with New Zealand, England and now India winning away. The question is: Who will be the next dominators of ‘World’ cricket? last_img read more