(PhysOrg.com) — Road trains linking vehicles together in a traveling convoy are planned for Europe. With only the lead vehicle being actively driven, the road trains would allow commuters to sleep, read a book or watch TV, or anything else they fancy as they drive to work. A research project financed by the EU’s Framework 7 plan looked at ways to reduce the cost of traveling along European highways and has suggested the idea of a “road train” that could link up to eight vehicles to a lead vehicle by wireless sensors. The vehicles could be any mix of cars, trucks or buses, but the project focuses on commuters traveling long distances to work. The project is named Sartre, for Safe Road Trains for the Environment. Citation: Road trains may be coming soon to Europe (w/ Video) (2009, November 13) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2009-11-road-europe-video.html Co-ordinator of the project, Tom Robinson of British Consultancy firm Ricardo, told the BBC that each vehicle joining the road train would have its own control system, communications equipment, and software monitoring system, but the lead vehicle would monitor the entire road train. Vehicles would be able to join by stating their destination and using their navigation system to locate the nearest road train. They could leave it whenever they wished, by signalling the lead vehicle, and then taking control of their own vehicle.It should be possible to use readily available components to enable vehicles to link up to the road train, and changes to the roads should not be necessary.The Sartre project will be tested for about three years once the preliminary research on the elements required and on the safety issues is completed. Robinson said that the first platoon of two trucks and three cars will be tested on special tracks in Sweden, the UK, and Spain. Later tests will probably also be carried out on public roads in Spain.According to Volvo, the first prototypes of the road train could be tested within a couple of years. Nissan’s new concept car ‘feels like flying’ (w/ Video) Explore further Early results suggest linking the vehicles and having them travel close together could reduce fuel consumption by around 20% for all the vehicles except the leader. Traveling as a group could also result in a reduction in travel time, fewer accidents and less congestion on the roads. Relaxing, or even sleeping on the way to work could also cut out the stress of driving.A professional driver (such as a bus or truck driver) in the leading vehicle would be charged with steering and controlling the convoy and monitoring its members. Drivers of the other vehicles could relax, since the leader would be controlling their vehicle. © 2009 PhysOrg.com This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Polymer molecules can be deposited onto computer chips where they arrange themselves into small-scale patterns like the one shown here. Credit: Yeon Sik Jung and Joel Yang. (PhysOrg.com) — As the features on computer chips become increasingly smaller, finding ways to fabricate the chips has become a big challenge. In a new study, researchers from MIT have demonstrated that certain molecules can be deposited on mostly empty chips, where they arrange themselves into patterns that form the outlines of tiny functioning circuits. Researchers Karl Berggren, the Emanuel E. Landsman Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering, and Caroline Ross, the Toyota Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, have published their new method in a recent issue of Nature Nanotechnology. New Laser Technique Advances Nanofabrication Process Citation: Molecules could create tiny circuits on computer chips (2010, March 16) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-03-molecules-tiny-circuits-chips.html More information: Joel K. W. Yang, Yeon Sik Jung, Jae-Byum Chang, R. A. Mickiewicz, A. Alexander-Katz, C. A. Ross & Karl K. Berggren. “Complex self-assembled patterns using sparse commensurate templates with locally varying motifs.” Nature Nanotechnology. Doi:10.1038/nnano.2010.30. via: MIT News © 2010 PhysOrg.com As explained in an article at MIT News, the process currently used to fabricate circuits on chips – photolithography – has changed very little over the past 50 years. Photolithography involves shining a light through a patterned mask onto a layer of light-sensitive material coated on the computer chip. Light exposure causes the photoresist to harden, and when the unhardened area is washed away, only the patterned area remains.However, now that chip features have become smaller than the wavelength of light used in this process, photolithography cannot be used anymore. To confront this challenge, researchers have tried using electron beams instead of light beams due to their smaller wavelength. However, the problem with electron-beam lithography is that it takes a long time, and so it is more expensive. Unlike photolithography, which can expose an entire chip at once with light, an electron beam is more focused and can only expose small areas at a time, so that it has to scan back and forth across the chip to cover the entire area.In the new method, Berggren and Ross have greatly minimized the need for electron-beam lithography, using it only to create sparsely patterned guidance posts throughout the chip. To fill in the patterns between the posts, they deposited long, repeating chains of polymer molecules that attach themselves to the posts and then arrange themselves in specific patterns. To get the desired patterns, the researchers used copolymers, which are made of two different types of polymer molecules. The different polymer chains don’t like to mix, yet they are still joined together – like “the characters played by Robert De Niro and Charles Grodin in the movie Midnight Run, a bounty hunter and a white-collar criminal who are handcuffed together but can’t stand each other,” in Berggren’s analogy. By trying to pull away from each other, the polymers arrange themselves into predictable patterns.Later, when exposed to a plasma, one of the polymers turns to hardened glass, while the other burns away. Like in photolithography, the glass polymer could be used as the photoresist, which hardens to form the pattern. By controlling different characteristics – such as polymer lengths, their relative proportions, and the shape and location of the posts – the researchers could produce a variety of specific patterns that could be useful for designing circuits. With its minor reliance on electron-beam lithography, the new method could offer cost-effective fabrication in areas besides computer chips. For example, the technique could be used to produce stamps for creating magnetic patterns on hard disks, which are currently produced with electron-beam lithography. However, more research is required before manufacturing individual computer chips with self-assembling molecules, such as getting the molecules to form the exact patterns needed to produce functioning circuits. Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Velev’s earlier work focused on gel-based photovoltaics, diodes and other devices – but their downside was the rigid electrodes used as contacts. Currently, however, the research team is studying a moldable liquid metal. “We originally thought about combining the metal with the gels to make a device completely out of soft materials resembling Jell-O,” quips Dickey. “What we discovered is that the gel environment and the oxide that forms on the metal can work synergistically to form memory. Once we made this observation, the main challenge was elucidating the exact mechanism – which our rather brilliant students figured out with some very clever experiments.” Copyright 2011 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. At the same time, the materials that make memristors (and electronic devices in general) possible are usually rigid in structure and can never operate in water. This means that some of the most promising uses of memristor technology – such as in vivo sensors and oceanic rescue robots – are not feasible without needing protection from the liquid environment in which they operate.The best of all possible electronic worlds, then, would have the ion-based functionality of memristors embodied in a flexible hydrophilic material. As it turns out, that – and potentially much more – is precisely what researchers in the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at North Carolina State University have demonstrated. Prof. Orin Velev, Prof. Michael Dickey, and graduate students Hyung-Jun Koo and Ju-Hee So, have devised a new class of easily fabricated memristors based entirely on so-called soft matter – hydrogels doped with polyelectrolytes sandwiched with liquid metal electrodes – that operate using ionic conductance in aqueous systems rather than conventional electron transport. Moreover, in being able to operate in water, the new gel-based soft matter differs significantly from the many soft matter electronics efforts that use polymer semiconductors but are not water-compatible.In essence, this suggests that in addition to having the potential to realize memristor-based neuromorphic structures, the polysaccharide hydrogel core of these devices is biocompatible, could possibly be interfaced with live neural and other tissue, and could lead to three-dimensional soft circuits and their in vivo operations. A crossbar array of soft material-based memristors. (a) Photo¬graph of a prototype of an integrated soft memristor circuit with a 2 × 2 crossbar array. The device is flexible as shown in the inset image and compatible with water. (b) Schematic of the prototype in (a). The arrows point to the gel nodes. (c) Switching performance of the memristor circuit device. The switching bias to turn ‘off’ (+5 V) and ‘on’ (−5 V) the nodes is applied to the 1-B node for the first and second cycles and to the 2-A node for the third cycle, respectively, as shown by the arrows. The filled symbols represent the nodes in the ‘off’ state. The switching bias was applied to each node for 1 sec to minimize the crosstalk. © 2011 PNAS, doi: 10.1002/adma.201101257 Citation: Memristors with a twist: Quasi-liquid soft matter foreshadows biocompatible electronics and flexible robots (2011, July 28) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-07-memristors-quasi-liquid-soft-foreshadows-biocompatible.html More specifically, Dickey continues, “there are two key research issues that we addressed to make the technology work. The first was learning that the thickness of the oxide layer controls the resistance through the soft device – a property we use to define on and off states that correspond to conductive and resistive states, respectively. The second was learning that we could introduce asymmetry into the device – a requirement for memristors – by doping the gels with polymer to control the chemical environment around the metal.”Going forward, Dickey continues, “We hope to take advantage of the fact the water-based gels in the device are biocompatible, and could in principle be integrated with biological species, such as cells, enzymes, proteins, and tissues. We also made no attempt to optimize the memory capacity in our prototypes, which is an area for improvement. Finally, we’re working to understand the subtle aspects of the operating mechanism.”Velev stresses that two primary areas of the group’s future soft-matter research are electrochemical biosensors and soft-matter actuators. “For example,” he explains, “gel-based actuators respond to external voltage with controllable biomimetic movement that mimics the locomotion of jellyfish – and like jellyfish, are water-based and even biodegradable. This could lead to the development of gel-based soft robotics technology, which would have some parallels with DARPA’s earlier Soft Robotics program, although this similarity is not intended as much as arises from a shared focus on futuristic ideas that are based on mimicking Nature. I also believe,” he continues, “that our research ideas are close to some of the goals of the DARPA Programmable Matter program, but we are not supported by or participating in this program – although we hopefully will apply in the future after we have some actuation results.”One of the most-discussed memristor characteristic is its synaptic biomimesis. “State-of-the-art computers have difficulty mimicking the operation of the brain,” Dickey notes. “Memristors, on the other hand, are effective at mimicking synapses. If you were interested in only mimicking brain function, then solid-state memristors would be more practical because they contain many more memory elements and are much more optimized at this point. One of the things distinguishing our work is that the device behaves like a memristor and has other properties similar to the brain. Conventional electronics tend to be rigid, 2-D, moisture-intolerant, and operate using electrons; the brain, in contrast, is soft, 3-D, wet, and operates using ions and in addition to adopting many of these properties, our device is composed of biocompatible hydrogels.”Dickey points out that while the team has not demonstrated any interfacing of their soft-matter devices with biological species, and that it is unclear if it is even possible to interface with the brain, their technology “has many of the obvious properties one would look for this type of interface – including the ability to scale down to 10-100 microns in length. In fact,” he acknowledges, “we’ve just started a project to study the interface of these materials with neurons, but it is too early to comment on it.” Velev is also cautiously optimistic that while he doesn’t foresee medical applications of the soft-matter devices at the moment, he agrees that “hypothetical interfacing with living neurons is possible.” The real strength of the group’s technology, he adds, is that “both neuronal tissue and soft matter use an ionic current to propagate signals. In the near future,” Velev adds, “likely applications include an advanced biocompatible matrix – for biomolecules and living cells, biosensors, and interfaces with mammalian cells other than neurons – immersed in water and biological fluids. While we’re not working on experiments involving live cells right now,” he concludes, “we’re hopeful that this could be a future development – potentially through new collaborations and funding.” More information: Towards All-Soft Matter Circuits: Prototypes of Quasi-Liquid Devices with Memristor Characteristics, Advanced Materials; Article first published online July 4, 2011, DOI: 10.1002/adma.201101257 Memristor prototypes based entirely on soft materials. (a) A schematic depiction of the memristive device. Two polyelectrolytes entrapped in a matrix of agarose/H2O dictate the pH values of each hydrogel layer. (b) I-V traces of the device with ±5 V sweeps. The numbers and the arrows represent the order and the direction of the bias sweeps, respectively. The hysteresis of the I-V curves is a characteristic feature of memristors. The dotted line indicates the reading bias of 1 V, where the “memorized” resistance is measured. The sweep rate is 0.04 V/s. © 2011 PNAS, doi: 10.1002/adma.201101257 This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. In some circles, memristors (from “memory resistor,” as coined by Leon Chua in a 1971 paper outlining memristive theory) are all the rage – and for good reason: As circuit elements which “remember” the amount of current that has passed through them in the past and show great functional flexibility, memristors show promise for applications as diverse as artificial synapses, nanoscale memory and sensors, and eventually a new class of computers based on neuromorphic architecture. Explore further Soft memory device opens door to new biocompatible electronics (w/ Video)
Explore further Image from the research paper. BitTorrent file sharing sites work by means of a Peer to Peer sharing scheme. Users log in and download chunks of a file they want from several different other users at the same time who share the load as a swarm. At the same time, files that they’ve already downloaded are shared with others. The protocol and hosting sites, known as trackers don’t differentiate between files that are traded legally, or illegally, hence the presence of monitors, which are “users” or clients that log in for the express purpose of finding out who is downloading illegal content. The very nature of the protocol makes it very easy for such monitors to note which users are downloading which files as it’s all tracked via IP addresses.One way to get around having an IP address cataloged by a monitor is to block their IP address; disallowing them from joining the swarm that is sending pieces of files. Users who frequent BitTorrent sites generally become aware of what are known as blocklists (lists of the IP addresses of known monitors); unfortunately, the researchers found such lists to include many false positives and negatives, making them generally useless in preventing monitoring.To figure out which clients were real users and which were monitors, the researchers noted several characteristics of the monitors that make them stand out. One was the fact that monitors tend to hold a large number of the subnets that access sharing sites. Other ways were that they tend to stay connected a lot longer than regular clients and to connect to a lot more swarms and also generally fail to report actually ever completing downloads. In short, they are simply much busier and active, though with little to show for it, than users who generally tend to only log on when they want a certain file and then go away for a period of time after they get it.After compiling lists of IP addresses they suspected of belonging to monitors, the team compared them against other known information about such IP holders and were able to verify that many of them were indeed known BitTorrent monitoring entities. They conclude by making it clear that virtually everyone that uses such sites to download files will have their IP address cataloged at some point, but add that the information gathered by such monitors likely wouldn’t withstand legal scrutiny. More information: (Phys.org)—Researchers from Birmingham University in the UK have found that users who frequent BitTorrent file sharing sites such as The Pirate Bay, risk having their IP address logged by monitors as quickly as within three hours of getting on. The team, led by Tom Chothia, discovered the extent to which monitors are tracking users on such sharing sites by monitoring activity themselves over a two year period. They found as they note in their paper presented this week at the SecureComm conference, that virtually all users of such sites wind up having their IP address noted and recorded at some point. Citation: Researchers find most BitTorrent users being monitored (2012, September 5) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-09-bittorrent-users.html Press release This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Anonymous exposes visitors to child porn sites © 2012 Phys.org
Explore further Citation: Japan group tests fuel-saving driverless trucks (2013, March 4) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-03-japan-group-fuel-saving-driverless-trucks.html (Phys.org) —Japan’s New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) has tested a caravan of self driving trucks. They put four trucks on the road, with the first truck driven by a human, followed by three autonomous trucks. The caravan successfully used technologies for steering, for maintaining speed, and for staying in formation, at a speed of 80km/h with a four-meter distance between each truck. As for technologies involved in the run, the self-driving vehicles had to be able to detect obstacles in front of them, “see” white lines, and carry out inter-vehicle communications; also included was the unit that controlled the vehicles running in formation. According to reports, a milliwave radar and infrared laser radars were used to detect obstacles. Cameras and infrared laser radars helped the trucks recognize white lines. A wireless communication module and infrared communications module enabled inter-vehicle communication. Two printed-circuit boards were used for the control unit to maintain formation. The NEDO self-driving trucks will not be part of Japan’s transportation system any time soon. NEDO hopes to have a practical version of this automated driving system ready around 2020. More tests are scheduled for later this year. More information: e.nikkei.com/e/fr/tnks/Nni20130225D25JSN01.htmwww.houseofjapan.com/electroni … -trucks-in-formation Autonomous-driving Volvo convoy takes road in Spain NEDO was established as a semi-governmental organization in 1980 to promote new energy technologies. The group is described on its website as Japan’s largest public research and development management organization. The NEDO project has a number of participants that include Hino Motors, Mitsubishi Electric, Oki Electric Industry, NEC, Denso, the University of Tokyo and Nihon University. The February 2013 test run is part of a project that was started in 2008 by NEDO. The key goal of NEDO’s truck exercise has been to see what can be accomplished in fuel efficiency. They reported that drag decreased by keeping the trucks in a straight line and four meters apart. They said that running convoys of trucks in this manner could contribute to lower air resistance, helping to reduce fuel consumption by 15 percent or more. © 2013 Phys.org This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Photographers Pavan Mahatta and Inder Gopal are all set to take photography lovers on a trip to the Kumbh Mela.The Maha Kumbh is held every 12 years on the banks of Sangam, at the confluence of the holy rivers Ganga, Yamuna and the mythical Saraswati in Allahabad. It is a dream for any photographer to shoot there as it is an amazing spectacle of the world’s largest gathering of people at a single point. With multitude of photographers shooting there, it is a challenge to be different and capture the spectacle differently. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’To make a choice of images to display was the most difficult task, say the photographers. The selection of images displayed at the gallery outlines their experiences through their lens at the Maha Kumbh. Through pictures both photographers have tried to bring about the divine presence of a force unknown to humanity.Pavan Mahatta (Mehta) was born in 1959 in New Delhi in a family of photographers. The Mahatta studios have a distinguished history as one of the biggest and most well known family-run studios in North India. Pavan is a Chartered Accountant by education. He joined the family’s Delhi studio upon finishing his chartered accountancy in 1984 and introduced digital imaging in 1986 for the first time in India along with his brother Pankaj Mahatta. Mehta works across all genres of photography — portraiture, industrial, architectural, nature, landscapes and commercial photography.Inder was born in Delhi. Photography was a childhood hobby which he raised to a new level in Germany when learning and working under an industrial, fashion products photographer Detlev van Eupen from the early 1970s till his return in late 1977. His experiences of many years in photography has got him on the guest faculty of National Institute of Fashion Technology.
In order to ensure fool-proof security during the upcoming Republic Day celebrations in which US President Barack Obama will be the chief guest, Delhi Police held meetings with sleuths of US Secret Service and top police officials of neighbouring states to chalk out a coordination plan and identify any possible challenges on Friday.According to sources, officials of the US Secret Service discussed the overall security set up for Obama’s visit and also sought a certain details regarding the hotel he would stay, routes he will travel and the places he will visit. Also Read – Company director arrested for swindling Rs 345 croreThey have also asked access to CCTV cameras installed on all the routes traveled by the US President and several emergency exit routes were also finalized for President Obama’s entourage. In a related development, an interstate co-ordination meeting aimed at strengthening cooperation and coordination in order to address various issues related to policing in NCR was held under the chairmanship of Commissioner of Police BS Bassi today at PHQ.The main objective of the meeting was to share terror related intelligence and inputs about various extremist outfits and their designs, besides curbing criminal activities in NCR region and having better coordination on all aspects of policing in view of the coming Republic Day and Delhi Assembly Elections.
Amdist ongoing row over “ghar wapsi”, BJP leader and Union Minister Kalraj Mishra on Wednesday said an anti-coversion law was needed and every party must support it.”We have been saying from the beginning that a law should be framed on conversion and every party should support it. I am of the opinion that an effective law should be enacted on this issue,” he told PTI in an interview. Kalraj said he had already favoured framing of such a law. He also made it clear that the party had nothing to do with the the ‘ghar wapsi’ programme of VHP.
If you are looking for a size zero figure, then following a vegan diet that includes no animal products could offer better results than other weight-loss plans, says a study.“Vegetarian diets are more effective than non-vegetarian diets for weight loss,” said researcher Ru-Yi Huang of E-Da Hospital in Taiwan.The study reviewed the results of twelve diet trials, involving 1,151 dieters who followed a specific eating regime for between nine and 74 weeks. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Overall, individuals assigned to the vegetarian diet groups lost significantly more weight (around 2.02 kg) than dieters who ate meat and other animal products. Vegetarians who followed a vegan diet lost even more weight. Comparatively, they lost around 2.52 kg more than non-vegetarian dieters. Vegetarians who consumed dairy products and eggs lost
The 19th Bharat Rang Mahotsav, – International theatre festival at National School of Drama, in the capital, witnessed the classic Bengali play ‘Neelima’ whose Playwright is Eugène Ionesco; is directed by Biplab Bandyopadhyay and performed by the renowned Kolkata theatre group, ‘Prachyo’. The play focuses about a student who comes to a teacher’s house to study. She is ambitious, hence, wants to do research in several fields. The choice of her field is perplexing. As the story unfolds, the student is seen as lacking the understanding of the fundamental concepts of mathematics, like addition and subtractions. The professor tries to use several techniques but fails to make her understand. Then the professor decides to teach her literature since she fails to respond to mathematics. The professor tries to prove the depth and knowledge he has about literature. Eventually, the student gets fed up and complains of toothache. But the professor doesn’t listen to her and starts getting violent, and finally kills her. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf’Neelima’ is a Bengali adaptation of Eugène Ionesco’s ‘The Lesson’. It is a masterpiece that is full of sarcasm and tells the tale of impaired education system that is prevalent in the society. The way in which education is imparted in our country is grossly mechanical. Knowledge has given way to rank and result. Any sensible person cannot overlook the crisis. Eugène Ionesco was a Romanian-born French dramatist whose one-act “antiplay” La Cantatrice chauve (1949; The Bald Soprano) inspired a revolution in dramatic techniques and helped inaugurate the ‘Theatre of the Absurd’. Elected to the Académie Française in 1970, Ionesco remains among the most important dramatists of the 20th century. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveHis tragicomic farces dramatize the absurdity of bourgeois life, the meaninglessness of social conventions, and the futile and mechanical nature of modern civilization. His plays build on bizarrely illogical or fantastic situations using such devices as the humorous multiplication of objects on stage until they overwhelm the actors. The entire cast put up a wonderful show with the brilliant acting prowess and coordination in the scenes. The protagonists included eminent theatre artist Gautam Halder along with Saoli Chattopadhyay who beautifully essayed the roles of the Teacher and the student respectively. Director Biplab Bandyopadhyay has been acting in different theatre groups and was awarded the Best Actor Award in the year 2001 from the cultural department of the Government of West Bengal and Shyamal Sen Smriti Samman in the year 2002 for a major contribution in the field of Bengali theatre. As a director, he formed the theatre group ‘Prachyo’ in the year 2009 and till date has produced five plays. He has also directed two short films and a documentary, and acted in many films. His plays ‘Andhare Akela’ and ‘Caligula’ have participated in the Bharat Rang Mahotsav.’Prachyo’ is a group of performing artists, actors and cultural organizers endeavouring to promote and support regional, national and international artistic expressions in the fields of visual as well as performing arts, and to organize workshops, debates, conferences and seminars on various art forms as well as present original and thought provoking works in various artistic areas.
Darjeeling: A tourist died at Tumling en route to Sandakphu on Wednesday. Incidentally, Tumling, situated at an altitude of 2,970 metres, falls on the way to Sandakphu (3,636 metres), which is the highest point of Bengal. It is a well-known tourist destination and an internationally famous trekking route in Darjeeling.63-year-old Chandrasekhar Ghosh, a resident of Regent Park, Kolkata, had arrived on Tuesday at Tumling. The tourist was travelling alone. He was scheduled to continue his journey to Sandakphu from Tumling. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeAccording to police sources, Ghosh, a retired police constable, had checked in to Hotel Shikhar in Tumling. On Wednesday morning, he complained of severe chest pain and uneasiness. Without wasting time, he was brought down to Sukhiapokhari Block Medical Centre in a vehicle by local residents. At around 11 am when they reached the hospital, he was declared brought dead by the doctors. His body was sent to Darjeeling District Hospital for post mortem. Medicines for high blood pressure were recovered from his belongings. Doctors state that he could have been suffering from high blood pressure. His medical condition could have been aggravated owing to the high altitude and the immense cold, causing a cardiac failure. Police have contacted the family members of the deceased. His son is scheduled to arrive at Darjeeling on Thursday to take back his body.
Balurghat: Mahipal Dighi of Kushmandi block has turned into safe haven for migratory birds. Around 2500 migratory birds from all over the world including Tibet, Mongolia, Kazakhstan and Russia arrive in Mahipal, which is about 59km from here.The state government is taking concrete steps to convert Mahipal and its adjoining areas into a popular tourist destination. Aiara forest and Nilkuthi, two local spots here, attract many tourists. A resort was also established here recently. This apart, awareness campaigns have been launched to stop poachers’ activities in the area. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseAn elderly local resident Gouranga Sarkar said the area was entirely ruled by avian guests between November and February. “The birds enter in flocks together in search of food and shelter. Their number is increasing every year,” he said. Mahipal is home to Lesser Whistling Teal, Common Teal, Gadwall, Mallard, Cotton Pygmy Goose, Great Cormorant, Northern Pintail, Grey Lag Goose, Ferruginous Pochard, Northern Shoveler and Comb Duck. Suman Ghosh, a member of Indian Bird Conservation Network and a bird-watcher, said: “What is uncommon and significant this year is the presence of Bar Headed Goose, a rare bird. It usually arrives in India by crossing Himalaya from countries like Tibet, Mongolia, Kazakhstan and Russia. It flies above 27000 ft where the supply of oxygen is thin. I have even seen them flying over Mount Everest before entering India. It can fly an enormous distance of more than 1500 km without rest and even survive in extreme climatic condition.” Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataAccording to experts, these species have not been spotted in Mahipal before Ghosh said Bird Life International, (BLI) a UK-based organisation, worked to identify important bird areas around the world. While in India, Bombay Natural History Society, an NGO attached with BLI, with the help of Indian Bird Conservation Network (co-partner of BNHS) works for protection of migratory birds. There are 10 important bird areas in the state. Of them, nine are in north Bengal districts including Darjeeling, Kalimpong, Jalpaiguri, Cooch Behar, Alipurduar, Malda and Raiganj covering Mahananda Wilde Life Sanctuary, Singalila National Park, Neoravalley National Park, Jaldapara National Park, Garumara National Park, Buxa Tiger Reserve, Nayabandh, Panchanandapur and Kulik Bird Sanctuary while the Sundarban Biosphere Reserve is in South Bengal. Mahipal has the potential to become an important bird area in future as the number of migratory birds has been increasing day-by-day.
Your pet may be deliberately making the cute puppy-dog eyes, say scientists who found that dogs produce more facial expressions when humans are looking at them. Scientists at University of Portsmouth in the UK are the first to find clear evidence dogs move their faces in direct response to human attention.Dogs do not respond with more facial expressions upon seeing tasty food, suggesting that they produce facial expressions to communicate and not just because they are excited. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfBrow raising, which makes the eyes look bigger – so-called puppy dog eyes – was the dogs’ most commonly used expression in this research.”We can now be confident that the production of facial expressions made by dogs are dependent on the attention state of their audience and are not just a result of dogs being excited,” said Juliane Kaminski, from University of Portsmouth.”In our study they produced far more expressions when someone was watching, but seeing food treats did not have the same effect,” said Kaminski, who published the study in the journal Scientific Reports. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive”The findings appear to support evidence dogs are sensitive to humans’ attention and that expressions are potentially active attempts to communicate, not simple emotional displays,” said Kaminski.It has long been assumed that animal facial expressions are involuntary and dependent on an individual’s emotional state rather than being flexible responses to the audience.Kaminski said it is possible dogs’ facial expressions have changed as part of the process of becoming domesticated. The researchers studied 24 dogs of various breeds, aged one to 12. All were family pets. Each dog was tied by a lead a metre away from a person, and the dogs’ faces were filmed throughout a range of exchanges, from the person being oriented towards the dog, to being distracted and with her body turned away from the dog.”Domestic dogs have a unique history – they have lived alongside humans for 30,000 years and during that time selection pressures seem to have acted on dogs’ ability to communicate with us,” said Kaminski.”We knew domestic dogs paid attention to how attentive a human is – in a previous study we found, for example, that dogs stole food more often when the human’s eyes were closed or they had their back turned,” she said.”This study moves forward what we understand about dog cognition. We now know dogs make more facial expressions when the human is paying attention,” she added.
Pracheen Kala Kendra, an organisation dedicated to Indian Classical Art and Culture since the last six decades, is going to organise their 12th Quarterly Baithak on June 30, 2019 at Triveni Kala Sangam, Mandi House.The event will feature Sitar Recital by a young talented student of Pt Kushal Das, a gold medalist from the faculty of Music, University of Delhi, Soumitra Thakur. He will be accompanied on tabla by reputed yet young Tabla player Romaan Khan. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfHeadquartered in Chandigarh, and having zonal offices at different places Pracheen Kala Kendra will also feature Kathak Dance recital by the very talented grand-daughter of Legendary Kathak Maestro Pt Birju Maharaj, Shinjini Kulkarni. She will be setting the stage on fire for sure as she will be accompanied by a fine set of musicians starting with Son of Pt Anindo Chatterjee, an Ustad Bismillah Khan Yuva Puraskar Awardee, Anubrata Chatterjee on Tabla. Anubrata Chatterjee has his own set of fans in Delhi NCR, justifiably so. The Kathak performance will also be supported by Ghulam Mohammad on Sarangi and Zohaib Hassan on vocals.
On June 11, 1962, one of the most daring prison escapes in history was carried out by three men. Frank Morris, along with brothers John and Clarence Anglin, escaped from Alcatraz prison never to be seen again. The FBI closed its case in 1979 after reaching the conclusion that the men drowned and their bodies had been swept out to sea.The escape attempt captured the public imagination, turning the trio into folk heroes.Aerial view of Alcatraz prison in San Francisco.Rumors persist to this day that the three, all young men and reportedly strong swimmers, survived the water and disappeared, evading capture for over 50 years.As the Independent reports, “the US Marshals Service has not completely given up. It has publicly stated it will ‘continue to pursue the escapees until they are either arrested, positively determined to be deceased or reach the age of 99.’ ”Frank Morris.Alcatraz was notorious in its heyday for its harsh conditions and its infamous inmates, in its 29-year history it housed the likes of Al Capone, Machine-Gun Kelly, and Whitey Bulger.It was the place where prisoners were sent when they were deemed too disruptive for other federal facilities.Inside Alcatraz.Because it had very high-level security and was built on an island, it was considered inescapable by the prison authorities.Although Alcatraz island is only 1.5 miles from the shore of San Francisco Bay, the waters surrounding it are almost freezing and prone to rip tides making the swim to the mainland a treacherous endeavor for even the strongest swimmer.Inside Alcatraz Island prison, San Fransico, CA.Frank Morris along with John and Clarence Anglin were career criminals with multiple sentences and escape attempts between them.They knew each other from a previous prison stretch and started planning their escape in 1961 when they were placed in adjacent cells.Clarence Anglin.The plan, as devised by Frank Morris, involved widening the ventilation ducts of their cells which opened into an unsupervised utility corridor. They did this using canteen spoons and a makeshift drill.John Anglin.During the day they disguised their work behind papier-mâché facades. By night, they worked for months in a secret rooftop workshop constructing a raft and life jackets from 50 stolen raincoats. By 11:30 pm on June 11th, they had escaped Alcatraz, never to be seen again.Escapee’s prison cell, with widened vent opening beneath the sinkThe alarm was only raised the morning after when the guards discovered their beds were in fact empty.The trio had created life-like dummy heads out of concrete dust, papier-mâché and human hair from the barber shop and used these to simulate sleeping bodies in their bunks.Dummy head found in Morris’ cell.To this day authorities maintain the escape attempt was unsuccessful. Just a few years ago, however, a new piece of correspondence has been uncovered which may offer a different explanation.In 2013, the San Francisco Police Department received a letter apparently from an ageing John Anglin.FBI wanted poster of John Anglin.In the opening paragraph of the letter the author writes, “My name is John Anglin, I escape[d] from Alcatraz in June 1962 with my brother Clarence and Frank Morris. I’m 83 years old and in bad shape. I have cancer. Yes, we all made it that night but barely!”The letter states that Frank Morris and Clarence Anglin passed away in 2005 and 2008 respectively. The author then goes onto offer to give himself up to authorities in exchange for medical treatment and a one-year prison sentence, the authorities would need to make the announcement on TV. Then the author states that “I will write back to let you know exactly where I am. This is no joke…”Read another story from us: The Daring Jailbreak of Wyatt EarpThe FBI ultimately did not take the bait but did take the letter seriously enough to complete hand writing analysis, finger printing and DNA tests, all of which came back inconclusive.Since this letter, there has been no further correspondence and John Anglin, if he did survive, would have celebrated his 88th birthday on May 2, 2018.
Advertisement It’s always a good time to get together with friends and play a game of soccer. It’s not as much fun if you strap an electric shock collar to everyone’s leg. It is, however, hilarious to watch.The way it works, apparently, is everyone on the field has an electric shock collar strapped to their leg, while one sadistic jerk sits at a table and remotely shocks the players on the pitch. He usually shocks his “friends” while they are about to kick the ball. You almost feel bad laughing at it, but not really.Here’s the video:Coach: “No pressure but if you mess up you get tasered” pic.twitter.com/KR5CuXBvz6— Football Vines (@FootballVines) December 13, 2016
Christian McCaffrey has freakish quicks. He may be the best overall athlete in the upcoming NFL Draft.The former Stanford running back posted a video to his Instagram of him flying through some foot quickness agility drills in a complete blur, like a scene from The Flash.It’s a mesmerizing sight to watch up close.As a prospect, Mel Kiper most closely compares McCaffrey to Central City’s Barry Allen.
Rivers’ boring beats Mahomes’ flashWhile the entire NFL world has been buzzing over Pat Mahomes incredible viral highlights and eye-popping arm strength, Philip Rivers has put together an MVP caliber season with next to no headlines.Rivers may not generate clicks like Mahomes, but in last night’s Thursday Night Football showdown he was the better quarterback, and carried his shorthanded team to a massive road win, including making the throw of the NFL season on a crucial 4th quarter 4th down. Mahomes is a great talent, but too many people have fallen to had and fast for him and overlook that he’s come up short in his three biggest games this year. Rivers may be boring in comparison, but he’s on another level when it comes to playing QB in the NFL. It’s not close. Also:– Patriots/Steelers isn’t a rivalry– Kuzma is clearly LeBron’s #2– Colin’s NFL Week 15 Blazin’ 5 picksGuests:Eric Dickerson – FS! NFL Analyst and Pro football HOF’er; Derrick Johnson – FORMER Chiefs’ Pro Bowl Linebacker; Chris Broussard – FS1 NBA Analyst; Jason McIntyre – FS1 Cpntributor and founder of The Big Lead
Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global Gerald Prolman launched OrganicBouquet.com in 2003 to sell sustainably grown flowers that are freshly picked and then gift-wrapped. But as the company grew, he needed a better way to meet the increasing demand from florists, event planners and other whole-salers. So in June, Prolman launched a microsite (www.organicbouquetwholesale.com) to make it easier for these customers to place orders.A microsite lets you focus on a specific purpose, such as selling clearance or discounted items, selling products to businesses (vs. consumers), promoting new merchandise, or trying out a new product line. Sometimes the design and navigation of a microsite differs from its parent site. “[Unlike consumers], florists shop by variety and color, so the site is set up to help florists find what they need quickly,” says Prolman, 46, who projects 2006 sales of up to $5 million for his San Rafael, California, company.So why didn’t Prolman just launch a separate section on his existing website to focus on wholesalers? Simple: to prevent consumers or future competitors from having easy access to the customized pricing available to wholesale customers. “The pricing is tailor-made for each customer based on volume,” says Prolman. “Once approved as a wholesale account, they will be given access to the site.”Michael Parker, co-founder and director of marketing at Gravitate Design Studio, a web development and marketing company in Vancouver, Washington, offers the following advice for entrepreneurs thinking of launching a microsite:Consider the costs. Building a microsite costs essentially the same amount as setting up a traditional website–from $2,500 to $50,000 or more. Keep in mind, though, that a microsite may require additional employees. (To date, Prolman has added six.) “Maintaining another site–even a microsite–takes a lot of work,” says Parker, who suggests evaluating whether the same results could be achieved using your current web infrastructure.Take your brand strategy into account. If you sell products with two totally different focuses or brand identities, “then you’re a good candidate for a microsite,” says Parker.Know your search strategy. Some companies create many microsites that point to the main site in an effort to rank high on search engines, says Parker. Others prefer to have a larger site with a lot of updated content. Before moving forward, check with your marketing department or the company handling your search marketing programs.Melissa Campanelli is a marketing and technology writer in New York City. August 1, 2006 Register Now » 2 min read Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. This story appears in the August 2006 issue of Entrepreneur. Subscribe »
Technology is changing at an incredible pace, so fast in fact that many industries and individuals are having a hard time keeping up. Whether you’re an entrepreneur, an investor, or just plain curious, these are the fields to keep an eye on in the next decade, and the ones most likely to mint a new generation of millionaires and billionaires.1. Artificial Intelligence.Google’s AI program AlphaGo recently beat a world class human player at the game of Go, which many experts believed was years away from being possible. As of last year, Google’s Cloud Vision AI was as good as or better than a human at recognizing the contents of images (so was Microsoft’s AI for that matter). Facebook’s AI team has built a facial recognition program that may well be the best in the world.While we are still likely many years away from artificial general intelligence, or strong AI (the type of potentially Terminator/Skynet AI folks like Elon Musk and Stephen Hawking are concerned about), the advances being made in the AI field are nonetheless staggering. Because advances in AI allow the ability to rapidly automate many tasks that used to require humans, with fewer errors, there is a tremendous amount of wealth to be made in this industry.Related: Elon Musk: Artificial Intelligence Is Humanity’s ‘Biggest Existential Threat’2. Human longevity.It has long been believed that death is inevitable, but science is beginning to show signs that death might be a disease that can be conquered. While the claim is bold, there is evidence to support it.There’s a term in the field of human longevity known as negligible senescence, which is a fancy way of saying a thing doesn’t seem to age. There are creatures on our planet, such as the lobster, whose cells show no signs of aging. If some plants and animals don’t age, why should humans have to? Researchers such as Aubrey de Gray are working to understand precisely why humans age when some creatures and how to potentially reverse, or even prevent, aging.Research being done surrounding CRISPR Cas9 and genetic engineering are also showing numerous potential ways to increase human lifespan. For example, scientists have found that deleting a handful of genes could potentially increase human lifespan by 60 percent, which seems incredible.Science is still a far cry from biological immortality, but it isn’t unreasonable to say that the average human could live to 120 or more, in good health, in the not-too-distant future. The value of the anti-aging market is in the many hundreds of billions of dollars…not a bad space in which to stake a claim.Related: The Obsession With ‘Curing’ Aging Is Now Big Business3. Virtual Reality / Augmented Reality2016 is lining up to be the year of VR, with AR close on its heels. To be fair, the technology coming out now is a far cry from perfect, and in many ways isn’t truly consumer ready (visually, it feels about on par with mid-to-late 90s PC games…not awesome).Polished or not, the VR we are seeing today is better than anything we’ve seen in the past, and the promise of what VR could become in a few more years is tantalizing. VR could become as revolutionary in the long-term as the Internet has been.The possibilities of the technology, from business and travel to education and entertainment, are rich and vast. When might that happen? I’d wager three to five years for it to be awesome, and probably 10 years for it to be lifelike. That’s a huge window for some savvy entrepreneurs to make a mint.Related: Virtual Reality Is Proving a Powerful Vehicle for Disaster Relief, Social Causes4. Biotechnology and materials science.Did you know that scientists have created a material that is almost as light as air, but that can support large amounts of weight and can insulate incredibly well? There are man-made leaves, self-healing materials and materials including Graphene that could make current battery technology obsolete.Many of these man-made materials are inspired by things found in nature. Biomimetics is among the most fascinating research topics in the world today. Technology is making it cheaper and easier to create new materials inspired by nature, but better than anything currently known in nature. Best of all, these sorts of innovations can be patented and then licensed to major corporations, which means potentially big bucks to the inventors for a very long time.5. Alternative transportation.From electric cars that can drive themselves to modernized public transport such as the Hyperloop to human-sized drones and hover boards (real ones, not those silly two-wheeled contraptions that catch on fire), we are entering an era of potentially dramatic change on the transportation front.We now have drones that can deliver packages, rockets that can get things to space on the cheap (though they still struggle with coming back down), and even jetpacks for goodness sake. If you have ideas in the transportation space, now is the time to dive in, because the traditional air and ground transportation industries are ripe for disruption.Related: Elon Musk’s SpaceX Plans Hyperloop ContestThere are of course numerous other technologies that can and will change the face of our world, from alternative energy and robotics to 3D printing and quantum computing, but these five in particular will be front and center over the next decade.What are some technologies or advances you’ve seen recently that you think people should be aware of? Share with us in the comments below. How Success Happens Listen Now Hear from Polar Explorers, ultra marathoners, authors, artists and a range of other unique personalities to better understand the traits that make excellence possible. Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. 5 min read March 14, 2016