Upper Cretaceous shallow-marine sediments from Vega Island, Antarctica, contain five major authigenic phases; glauconite, pyrite, a zeolite mineral of the clinoptilolite-heulandite group, chlorite, and calcite. The framework sediment composition changes from quartzose at the base of the measured succession to volcaniclastic at the top. The petrogenesis of individual samples reflects the local controls on diagenesis of depositional environment and sediment composition, combined with the effects of burial to no more than 1 km. Calcite cements are the most abundant precipitates. Marine carbonate cements include acicular and other fringing cements that commonly are present within bioclasts. Early-burial micritic to sparry calcite cements include both concretionary and nonconcretionary forms. Burial calcites occlude residual porosity, replace detrital grains and form veins with fibrous and cone-in-cone textures. The stable-isotope composition of the carbonate cements is very variable, with delta 18 O ranging from 0.60 per thousand to – 19.93 per thousand PDB and delta 13 C of – 1.33 per thousand to – 28.09 per thousand PDB. The stable-isotope data reflect the initial conditions of mineral precipitation in oxic and anoxic marine pore waters, together with the effects of subsequent fluid/rock interaction through both recrystallization and cementation. The latest precipitates, thought to have been formed during over pressuring, define a vertical field for burial calcite on an isotope cross plot, suggesting that late fluids responsible for cementation and alteration of earlier precipitates had negative delta 18 O and contained carbon with variable delta 13 C. The oxygen values are compatible with either influx of high-latitude meteoric water or intense fluid-rock interaction with reactive volcanic detritus, or a combination of the two processes. The very variable carbon signatures probably reflect dissolution of bioclasts and earlier diagenetic precipitates. Only by identifying possible end-member compositions for both early and late diagenetic precipitates can most of the isotopic data be interpreted correctly.
FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailiStock(NEW YORK) — The U.S. Women’s National Team claimed its fourth Women’s World Cup championship title last week.Procter & Gamble — through a full-page ad in The New York Times for its deodorant brand Secret — made headlines by offering a donation of the team of $529,000, or $23,000 for each player, in an effort to close the gender pay gap between players on the women’s team and U.S. Men’s National Team.But it’s not just in the world of sports where we see a discrepancy in pay between the sexes or its effects. Here’s what you need to know about the gender pay gap and what you can do about it.First, let’s define the wage gap:We’ve been recording the wage gap since 1963, when the Equal Pay Act was enacted. It’s calculated by dividing the national median income of all full-time, year-round working women by the national median income of all full-time, year-round working men.This is significant when you consider that women are employed at the same rate, educated to the same level and often responsible for the same earnings in their families as men.Is the wage gap that big of a deal?Women earn 80 cents less than men. It can be broken down further by specific factors, such as location, education, industry, marital status and race. For example, black women make 61 cents to the dollar and Hispanic women make only 53 cents to the dollar, according to research from the American Association of University Women.Is it going to close anytime soon?Nope. The World Economic Forum estimates that it will take 202 years to close the wage gap.Why do people say it doesn’t exist?Let’s go through each of the most frequently cited arguments on why the wage gap doesn’t exist. (Spoiler alert: it does.)‘Women choose to work in lower paying jobs’Actually the opposite is true: a report from the Institute for the Study of Labor shows that when women become more educated and experienced and enter traditionally male-heavy jobs, the pay declines for the job overall.The reverse, too, is true. For example, computer programming used to be an unglamorous, predominantly female job. Now, it’s one of the most lucrative career paths and is pretty much exclusively male.‘Women don’t negotiate’According to a study by the University of Wisconsin, the University of Warwick and the Cass Business School, women do negotiate as much as men. They’re just less likely to receive pay bumps.We think this is due to what is called “the double bind.” Essentially it’s when women are perceived to be acting outside of the norm of how we expect a women to be (“the good girl”), and then we get penalized. So, basically, when we are assertive and ask for a raise, we’re perceived as aggressive and increase the chances of not getting it.‘Women leave the workforce to have children’It’s estimated that for every child a woman has, she suffers a 5% wage penalty at work, according to a study from Third Way. I want you to compare that to the fact that fathers earn 11% more than non-fathers.Research has shown that employers are less likely to hire women with children compared to childless women, and if they do choose to hire a mother, employers offer a lower salary than they do to other women.‘Men have more education and experience’OK, two things to note here:One, women are 60% of today’s college graduates, according to the National Center for Education Statistics.Two, when both genders have more schooling, the wage gap actually widens for women. PayScale found a 4.6% wage gap between male and female M.D.s and a 4.7% gap between MBA holders.Why should we care about it?Closing the wage gap benefits everyone, not just women. If women were paid equally by 2025, we could add $12 trillion to the U.S. GDP, according to the McKinsey Global Institute. So that’s cool.The poverty rate for working women would be cut in half, says a report from the Institute for Women’s Policy Research. This is significant because women currently make up 70% of Medicaid recipients and 80% of welfare recipients, so if we get them out of poverty, it will cost less for taxpayers.So what can you do?Despite the fact that the wage gap isn’t going to close for a long time, there are four things you can do right now to create change:1. Get a raise.2. Talk to your company about pay transparency as well as family leave since without that, it makes it even harder for women to close the wage and leadership gap. There are statistics out there that will help you make a strong case for why these things help the bottom line.3. Get involved in local and state politics. Familiarize yourself with what legislation is on the docket and where you can lend your support. Things like the salary history ban, increasing the minimum wage, paid family leave and affordable child care are all things that help close the wage gap and improve life for all.4. Join Ladies Get Paid!Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved. July 16, 2019 /Sports News – National As US women’s soccer team rallies for equal pay, what to know about the gender wage gap Beau Lund Written by
A lettings platform launched within Greater London last year says it is gaining traction within the capital with 100 agents signed up and 1,000s of rental enquiries already rolling in from house-hunting tenants.Findingaplace.com was soft-launched last year by former Carphone Warehouse director Michael Savva (pictured) and is a matching service between agents and prospective tenants.The platform turns the lettings leads model on its head by putting tenants at its heart rather than properties – tenants use the platform to tell it where and what they want to rent, and for how much, and they are then contacted directly by agents if they have a matching property.Agents are therefore sent qualified tenants leads with rich data on their circumstances and requirements which are then matched to properties as they are instructed, removing the need to upload them to portals in the first place.“My research while I’ve been preparing to launch this business revealed that 80% of tenants don’t like the time-consuming, competitive, property listings-led portal approach that dominates the industry at the moment,” says Savva.75% of agents unhappy“Also, 75% of agents are unhappy with the portals and the fundamental way they gain their lead enquiries.”Savva says he felt he could bring change into the industry but that only recently has technology moved on enough to enable tenants and estate agents to communicate with each other on his platform without breaking privacy and GDPR rules in an automated way.“A lot of tenant told us they loved the idea of Findingaplace but that they were worried about giving their phone numbers away without privacy guarantees, and we can now do that” he says. February 12, 2021Nigel LewisOne commentMurray Lee, Dreamview Estates Dreamview Estates 14th February 2021 at 2:25 pmHaving tried the platform it ticks a lot of boxes. We hope it will prove a successLog in to ReplyWhat’s your opinion? Cancel replyYou must be logged in to post a comment.Please note: This is a site for professional discussion. Comments will carry your full name and company.This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.Related articles Letting agent fined £11,500 over unlicenced rent-to-rent HMO3rd May 2021 BREAKING: Evictions paperwork must now include ‘breathing space’ scheme details30th April 2021 City dwellers most satisfied with where they live30th April 2021 Home » News » New lettings platform is ‘turning lead generation on its head’ says founder previous nextProducts & ServicesNew lettings platform is ‘turning lead generation on its head’ says founderMichael Savva of Findingaplace.com says his simple idea is gaining traction among agents within London.Nigel Lewis12th February 20211 Comment975 Views
The Pew Charitable Trusts Research & Analysis Stateliness Helping Traumatized VeteransStateliness and Pew Trust by Jen FifieldU.S. soldiers investigate a suicide attack in Afghanistan. Some states are stepping in to help veterans who suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder.A staggering share of veterans who served in Iraq and Afghanistan have been returning home with mental illnesses brought on by their time overseas. But as hundreds of thousands struggle with post-traumatic stress disorder, many are going without the help they need, which is prompting several states to step in.State officials say they are trying to bridge what they see as gaps in services provided by the U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs, whose medical centers have been plagued by mismanagement, often face lengthy backlogs and can be located far from rural communities.If veterans with PTSD aren’t treated while their wounds are still raw, it will end up costing not only the veterans and their families, but society, according to state lawmakers and mental health workers. Veterans with PTSD are more likely to be depressed, drink heavily or use drugs, and many have trouble working and maintaining relationships — problems that cost billions of dollars in lost productivity.And because members of the National Guard — who report to their governors and serve within their states when they are not mobilized for active duty — deployed at record levels during the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, states are looking after their own. National Guard members often face more challenges upon returning home. While other service members return to military bases, surrounded by support, guard members move back into their communities, which are often rural and where few resources are available.Starting this year, Texas will give money to nonprofits and private programs that provide treatment to veterans with PTSD and their families. New Hampshire has been training community mental health staff since last summer on how to find veterans and treat their PTSD. And New York is expanding a program that connects service members and veterans with mental health needs in small settings or in activities such as yoga and tai chi.Although state and local governments have long relied on the VA, states have an obligation to veterans, and they need to do more, said Kathryn Power, a regional administrator for the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. The agency encourages local governments at a minimum to train mental health center staff about military culture, and make sure they know how to help veterans and their families.The top objective of the Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans of America, a national nonprofit with more than 400,000 members, is to get lawmakers at the national and local level to improve access to and quality of mental health services. The National Guard Association of the United States, which represents guard members in all 50 states, Washington. D.C. and U.S. territories, says that despite the efforts of some states, more services need to be made available locally.Since 9/11, guard members have been deployed 544,000 times. Many were sent on multiple tours and often came home to find little support, said Matt Pincus, a legislative affairs manager at the guard association.With an all-volunteer military, including the National Guard, it is “unacceptable” not to help, Pincus said. “It is a dereliction of our responsibility to them.”Aware that many states face tight budgets, the association wants Congress to provide funding for states in block grants so states can train mental health providers to better treat veterans with PTSD. The association also supports a bill that would allow providers outside of the VA to deliver VA services, including mental health.Coping With Everyday LifeVeterans who served after 9/11 experienced a range of traumas — from explosions and sexual abuse to seeing friends wounded or killed. Eleven to 20 percent of them have been diagnosed with PTSD. The number diagnosed each year steadily increased until 2012, when it reached a peak of 21,017. In 2014, the last year for which data is available, 16,012 veterans were diagnosed.PTSD is a severe mental illness with symptoms that can start shortly after trauma or years later. Veterans with PTSD often relive their trauma, feel alert or in danger, have trouble sleeping, and avoid certain places or activities, said Dr. Jennifer Klosterman Rielage, a clinical director of outpatient trauma programs at the New Mexico VA Health Care System. It can bring on depression, strain relationships, and make it hard to go to work and school. Many drink or take drugs to cope with everyday life, Rielage said.Veterans of the Vietnam War who suffered from PTSD have faced twice as much substance abuse, divorce and homelessness as those without it. A 2008 Rand Corporation study projected that PTSD and major depression among veterans who deployed from 2001 to 2007 would cost the nation $4 billion to $6.2 billion over two years, mostly in lost productivity.In 2014, the suicide rate for active duty members of the Air Force, Army, Marine Corps and Navy was 19.9 per 100,000, compared to 12.9 per 100,000 for all Americans. Among guard members, the rate was 19.4 per 100,000.After hearing about guard members who were struggling to get treatment, California began a program in 2006 that pays for eight clinicians in the California National Guard to serve as regional contacts and provide referrals to those experiencing a crisis, said Susan Pangelinan, a guard coordinator.The program costs the state $1.5 million a year, but it prevents costs down the road, Pangelinan said.A Connecticut program that began in 2007 was designed to support guard members, with a 24/7 help line, counseling and case management services. It was expanded to serve all service members and veterans, and was lauded as a program that could be replicated nationally. But the program is one of many being cut in Connecticut as Democratic Gov. Dannel Malloy attempts to close the state’s $220 million budget deficit.Increasing AccessOf the more than 2 million veterans who served in Iraq and Afghanistan, four in 10 have never used VA medical care.Providers say there are many reasons veterans don’t go to the VA for mental health treatment. The closest clinic may be hours away. Some still work for the military in civilian roles and fear their employer will find out about their problems. For many, it’s simply the stigma.The VA often treats the illness with counseling, using techniques such as cognitive behavioral therapy or exposure therapy, in which a counselor helps clients understand their trauma and change how they think about it. The VA also can offer medication.In Texas, the new program will provide matching grants to nonprofits that offer counseling and treatment, such as therapy that uses dogs and horses to help with physical and emotional problems, said Sonja Gaines, the associate commissioner for mental health services for the state’s Health and Human Services Commission. The first phase will provide $1 million, with another $20 million to follow.New Hampshire is using money from the federal government meant for health services to provide better care for veterans, said Jo Moncher, bureau chief of military programs for the state’s Department of Health and Human Services.Of 115,000 veterans in the state, only about 30,000 receive care at the VA. The state gave each of its 10 community mental health centers $10,000, which Moncher said is to be used for training in military culture, including teaching employees the values that service members live by, the challenges they face, and effective methods for treating PTSD. It also created a military liaison in each center to guide veterans to the services they need.The initiative is part of a larger $2.8 million campaign to find veterans who may need help and connect them with health services, housing and employment. The campaign has taught staff in many state agencies to ask the question: Have you or a family member ever served in the military? If the answer is yes, they know how to help, Moncher said.Because family members are not eligible for most VA services, the New Hampshire and Texas programs are also reaching out to families to see if they need counseling or other help.Beyond CounselingSome states recently passed or considered measures to allow judges to acknowledge the affects PTSD has had when sentencing veterans in criminal cases.The Oklahoma Legislature sent a bill to Republican Gov. Mary Fallin last week. Alaska, California and Kansas have enacted similar laws. A similar bill was introduced in Wisconsin last year but failed.Others are studying the effectiveness and availability of PTSD treatment. Texas passed a law last year that requires the state to conduct a clinical study on the effects of mental health treatment for veterans and their families. Puerto Rico passed a law to investigate the supply, availability and effectiveness of services for the diagnosis and treatment of veterans with PTSD.New York offers a different approach to treatment. The Pfc. Joseph P. Dwyer Veteran Peer Support Program, inspired by a veteran who died after struggling with PTSD, began in 2012 as a county-run program in Long Island and has since spread to over a dozen counties. It is funded by $2.8 million from the state in fiscal 2016.Participants can meet one-on-one with program staff and attend group meetings, or take part in programs such as tai chi, yoga and drum circles, said Thomas Ronayne, the director of the Veterans Services Agency in Suffolk County, where the program started. The program is open to all service members and veterans, and the idea is to provide comradery and someone they can relate to.“We all have that one foundational piece that brings us all to the center — and that is that we have all worn the uniform,” Ronayne said.U.S. Rep. Lee Zeldin, a New York Republican and a veteran who introduced the bill to launch the Dwyer program as a state senator, this year introduced legislation in Congress that would spread it across the country.And New York Assemblyman David DiPietro, a Republican, introduced a bill this year that would start a trust fund to pay for treatment for veterans who suffer from PTSD and traumatic brain injury. “We actually should be taking a leading role for helping our veterans,” DiPietro said.FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail
Early Monday morning, First Ward Councilman Michael DeVlieger arrived at the City Clerk’s Office and requested his paperwork needed to run for re-election.DeVlieger said “I am excited to run for my second term and I will continue to advocate for fiscal responsibility while pushing for investment in the upgrading of our roads, beaches, bay dredging, and boardwalk. I am passionate about improving the quality of life for the residents of the First Ward and I will strive to make this great place even better.“The May 10th election will feature candidates competing for the First, Second, Third, and Fourth Ward seats as well as one at-large seat.
Forty years after the Supreme Court handed down its landmark decision in Roe v. Wade, the backlash it generated continues to shape the public discourse, says Harvard Law School Professor Michael Klarman, an expert on constitutional law and constitutional history.“The justices who decided Roe almost certainly did not expect the kind of political backlash that materialized in its wake,” Klarman said. “They thought they were pushing the country further in the direction it was inexorably moving in, which was progressive reform of abortion statutes.”At a March 12 event commemorating the 1973 decision guaranteeing a woman’s right to an abortion through the second trimester, Klarman explored the ways that public response to the controversial Supreme Court decision sparked a strong resistance that redrew the lines on the cultural battlefield. Harvard Law Students for Reproductive Justice hosted the talk.Klarman offered several explanations for why the court ruled the way it did in the case and how the country responded. For starters, the Supreme Court was fooled by opinion polls showing that 64 percent of Americans in the summer of 1972 thought that abortion should be a private decision between women and their doctors, even while 32 states still had restrictions allowing abortions only when a woman’s life was in jeopardy. The court might also have been convinced that opposition to abortion was mostly coming from a vocal Roman Catholic minority, which had also opposed expanding access to contraceptives.Read more about Klarman’s talk on the Harvard Law School website. Read Full Story
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To access this article REGISTER NOWWould you like print copies, app and digital replica access too? SUBSCRIBE for as little as £5 per week. Would you like to read more?Register for free to finish this article.Sign up now for the following benefits:Four FREE articles of your choice per monthBreaking news, comment and analysis from industry experts as it happensChoose from our portfolio of email newsletters
Advertisement Comment Metro Sport ReporterSaturday 15 Aug 2020 11:17 pmShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link9.3kShares Gabriel is set to join either Arsenal or Napoli from Lille (Picture: Getty)Arsenal have had a €30million bid accepted by Lille for Gabriel Magalhaes with the Brazilian defender now set to choose between a move to the Gunners or Napoli.Manchester United had also been interested in signing the 22-year-old but according to Le 10 Sport they will now switch their focus to attempting to agree a deal to bring Monaco’s Benoit Badiashile to Old Trafford instead. Everton had also expressed an interest in signing Gabriel but were reported to have had a €20m offer rejected earlier this week.Napoli signed Gabriel’s now former team-mate Victor Osimhen earlier this summer for an initial €60m but have lost out to Arsenal in recent years with the likes of Bernd Leno, Lucas Torreira and Nicolas Pepe all favouring moves to north London.AdvertisementAdvertisementADVERTISEMENTMikel Arteta is keen to strengthen his defence during the transfer window, particularly given he is said to be giving consideration to reverting to a 4-3-3 formation next season. Man Utd are targeting a move for Monaco’s Benoit Badiashile (Picture: Getty)Arsenal will listen to offers for the likes of Sokratis Papastathopoulos, Calum Chambers and Rob Holding, while Shkodran Mustafi could also be deemed surplus to requirements. William Saliba has returned from his loan spell at Saint Etienne, while both Pablo Mari and David Luiz, fresh from signing new deals, will compete for first team places. Gabriel is expected to make his decision, meanwhile, imminently with Lille president Gerard Lopez confirming the Ligue 1 club will not stand in his way. ‘The way we work is very simple,’ he told BBC World Service. ‘We explain to him and his environment, his agent, what we are looking for, and once we get those offers the choice is his, like we did with Nico [Pepe] and Victor [Oshimen]. More: Manchester United FCRio Ferdinand urges Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop Manchester United starNew Manchester United signing Facundo Pellistri responds to Edinson Cavani praiseEx-Man Utd coach blasts Ed Woodward for two key transfer errors‘We are there now, so we told him, ‘Eventually you have to make a decision but we’re not pressing you’.‘I think he will make it this week, or next week at the latest. He is leaving, we’ve given the OK for that. ‘There’s a lot of competition. He’s a young player so he’s got to make sure he makes the right decision.‘We help him out a little bit so we tell him, ‘We think this might be the right manager or club for you’. ‘He’s got so much talent, he will succeed wherever he goes.’MORE: Arsenal hero Paul Merson endorses Chelsea’s transfer move for £80m target Declan RiceMORE: Thomas Partey told to reject Arsenal move by Ghana coach CK AkonnorFollow Metro Sport across our social channels, on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.For more stories like this, check our sport page. Advertisement Arsenal transfer boost as Man Utd pull out of Gabriel race to focus on signing Monaco star
Governor Wolf Joins Federal, State and Local Officials to Open New Lower Hill Infrastructure in Pittsburgh SHARE Email Facebook Twitter October 07, 2016 Infrastructure, Press Release Pittsburgh, PA – Governor Tom Wolf today joined federal, state and local officials, along with the Sports and Exhibition Authority and Urban Redevelopment Authority, to officially open new streets in the Lower Hill Infrastructure Project in Pittsburgh.“Through our work with the public and private sector on this project, we are working to correct a mistake made almost 70 years ago,” said Governor Tom Wolf. “This project begins to right that wrong, and will help to redevelop the lower hill area in a way that will not only bring value and enrich the land, but will link the Hill District to downtown and provide real benefits to this community.”Today’s event marked the completion of the first portion of the project that included the construction of a new Fullerton Street that connects Bedford Avenue to Centre Avenue, along with a portion of Wylie Avenue joining Fullerton Street to Crawford Street.Funding for the work was provided through an $11.5 million Redevelopment Assistance Capital Program (RACP) grant and $1 million of Transportation Alternatives Program (TAP) funding.The infrastructure project has been designed, and is being constructed, as part of a planned Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) for Neighborhood Development certification. It includes energy efficient street lighting, stormwater planters and street trees. Additionally, the design includes pedestrian and traffic safety improvements, upgrades to storm and sanitary lines, and improved bicycle connections.In the mid-1950s, the Lower Hill District was declared blighted resulting in 1,300 buildings on 95 acres being cleared, displacing over 8,000 people and 413 businesses. The ambitious plans for urban renewal never fully materialized and what was once a thriving community became mostly surface parking.The Lower Hill Infrastructure Project will help to repair the mistakes of the 1950s and extend the economic strengths of Downtown to the Hill District. When complete, the development is projected to create 2,948 permanent jobs.Like Governor Tom Wolf on Facebook: Facebook.com/GovernorWolf