We present a comprehensive study of the magnetic field and plasma signatures of reconnection events observed with the Cassini spacecraft during the tail orbits of 2006. We examine their “local” properties in terms of magnetic field reconfiguration and changing plasma flows. We also describe the “global” impact of reconnection in terms of the contribution to mass loss, flux closure, and large scale tail structure. The signatures of 69 plasmoids, 17 travelling compression regions (TCRs), and 13 planetward-moving structures have been found. The direction of motion is inferred from the sign of the change in the Bθ component of the magnetic field in the first instance, and confirmed through plasma flow data where available. The plasmoids are interpreted as detached structures, observed by the spacecraft tailward of the reconnection site and the TCRs are interpreted as the effects of the draping and compression of lobe magnetic field lines around passing plasmoids. We focus on the analysis and interpretation of the tailward-moving (south-to-north field change) plasmoids and TCRs in this work, considering the planetward-moving signatures only from the point of view of understanding the reconnection x-line position and recurrence rates. We discuss the location spread of the observations, showing that where spacecraft coverage is symmetric about midnight, reconnection signatures are observed more frequently on the dawn flank than on the dusk flank. We show an example of a chain of two plasmoids and two TCRs over three hours, and suggest that such a scenario is associated with a single reconnection event ejecting multiple successive plasmoids. Plasma data reveal that one of these plasmoids contains H + at lower energy and W + at higher energy, consistent with an inner magnetospheric source, and the total flow speed inside the plasmoid is estimated with an upper limit of 170 km/s. We probe the interior structure of plasmoids and find that the vast majority of examples at Saturn show a localized decrease in field magnitude as the spacecraft passes through the structure. We take the trajectory of Cassini into account, as, during 2006, the spacecraft’s largely equatorial position beneath the hinged current sheet meant that it rarely traversed the centre of plasmoids. We present an innovative method of optimizing the window size for minimum variance analysis (MVA) and apply this MVA across several plasmoids to explore their interior morphology in more detail, finding that Saturn’s tail contains both loop-like and flux rope-like plasmoids. We estimate the mass lost downtail through reconnection and suggest that the apparent imbalance between mass input and observed plasmoid ejection may mean that alternative mass loss methods contribute to balancing Saturn’s mass budget. We also estimate the rate of magnetic flux closure in the tail and find that, where open field line closure is active, it plays a very significant role in flux cycling at Saturn.
FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail Billy Graham, the charismatic North Carolina pastor who took his evangelizing crusades around the country and the globe, died on Wednesday morning, according to officials of his organization. He was 99.Graham achieved a reach, unlike any other evangelist, serving as a counselor or minister to a dozen U.S. presidents. He preached to an estimated 215 million people in 185 countries around the world during his life, and his message reached millions more as he maintained a near-constant presence on radio, television and the internet.Graham also wrote more than two dozen books, including his 1997 memoir, “Just as I Am,” which was a New York Times best-seller. Graham was a steady presence among top leaders in this country, providing prayer and personal advice to every president starting with Harry S. Truman. In recent years, he took on a reduced role, but still earned the praise of President Donald Trump, who in a tweet after Graham’s death called him the “GREAT Billy Graham” and wrote: “There was nobody like him! He will be missed by Christians and all religions. A very special man.”Graham died just before 8 a.m. at his home in Montreat, North Carolina, surrounded by family, according to a spokesman for Samaritan’s Purse, the nondenominational evangelical Christian organization headed by Graham’s son Franklin.His following was undeniable: The longtime evangelist appeared on Gallup’s list of the most admired men and women 60 times since 1955 — every year the research company asked the question.Born William Franklin Graham on Nov. 7, 1918, “America’s pastor” came from modest means and grew up on a dairy farm in Charlotte, North Carolina. He found his spiritual path at 16, charmed by the traveling minister and temperance movement leader Mordecai Ham. Graham later moved to Florida and was ordained there in 1939.He met his future wife, Ruth McCue Bell, while they attended Wheaton College, and they married in 1943. Together they would raise five children, and she would become a trusted adviser.“When it comes to spiritual things, my wife has had the greatest influence on my ministry,” Graham said of Bell, who died in June 2007. Rev. Billy Graham dies at 99 Evangelist Pastor And Counselor To Presidents, Dead At Age 99by PHIL MCCAUSLAND and ELIZABETH CHUCK for NBC NEWS Graham at his home in the mountains of Montreat, North Carolina, on July 25, 2006. Former President Barack Obama tweeted that Graham was a “humble servant who prayed for so many — and who, with wisdom and grace, gave hope and guidance to generations of Americans.”Televangelist Joel Osteen remembered Graham as a “hero” and tweeted, “Next to my own father, Reverend Graham was the most humble and gracious man I ever knew.”And the archbishop of New York, Cardinal Timothy Dolan, recalled the influence Graham had on his household in the 1950s and 1960s.“There was no question that the Dolans were a Catholic family, firm in our faith, but in our household, there was always respect and admiration for Billy Graham and the work he was doing to bring people to God,” Dolan said in a statement.“Whether it was one of his famous Crusades, radio programs, television specials, or meeting and counseling the presidents, Billy Graham seemed to be everywhere, always with the same message: Jesus is your Savior, and wants you to be happy with Him forever.”Graham is survived by five children and multiple grandchildren and great-grandchildren. Billy Graham addresses the crowd in 1955.Graham was known for his sense of humor and for maintaining a nonpartisan Christian view, which earned him some criticism. But his dedication to ministry and unity was most evident in his refusal to pay heed to segregation policies, forcing churches to integrate for his services.Martin Luther King Jr. counted Graham as a close friend and ally, once remarking, “Had it not been for the ministry of my good friend Dr. Billy Graham, my work in the civil rights movement would not have been as successful as it has been.”Photos – Billy Graham: The evangelist pastor’s lifeStill, Graham’s reputation was not without controversy. It was rumored in the 1990s that he had been caught on tape agreeing with anti-Semitic comments made by then-President Richard Nixon during the Watergate scandal. Graham vehemently denied that he had until the tapes were made public in 2002.The Jewish ”stranglehold has got to be broken or the country’s going down the drain,” Graham said, according to a 2002 New York Times article.Graham, 83 at the time, apologized for the remarks.As Graham aged, his son Franklin took over his ministries, while Graham returned to a quiet life in North Carolina — not far from the Billy Graham Library in Charlotte.“My home is in Heaven,” Graham habitually said. “I’m just traveling through this world.”Condolences poured in in the hours after Graham’s death, with Vice President Mike Pence calling him one of the greatest Americans of the 20th century.“Billy Graham’s ministry for the gospel of Jesus Christ and his matchless voice changed the lives of millions,” the vice president said in a statement.
Deactivated parking meters line Ocean Avenue in Ocean City, NJ. The meter heads will not return until May 1, 2015. The men and women in yellow have gone into hibernation, and the frantic search for quarters is over.City crews are removing parking meter heads for the season, and all municipal lots will be open with free parking until the spring.Parking is big business in Ocean City, and the municipality expects to surpass last year’s record $2.8 million in revenue from meters and municipal parking lot fees this year.Parking in municipal lots and on the streets will be free in time for the Fall Block Party in Ocean City, NJ on Saturday, Oct. 11.But even though the season for parking fees extends from May 1 through Oct. 31, the city is hustling to deactivate parking meters in time for this weekend’s Fall Block Party, an event that draws tens of thousands to the downtown in the shoulder season.“We’re trying to make it easier,” Ocean City Finance Director Frank Donato said.He said May 1 and Oct. 31 are the “outer limits” of the parking season, but that municipal lot fees and parking meters are generally enforced from Block Party to Block Party. Ocean City’s Spring Block Party is typically held on the first Saturday in May, and the fall event on Columbus Day Weekend.Residents and visitors breathe a sigh of relief at this time of year as the parking enforcement crews clad in yellow polo shirts disappear, and trips downtown or near the beach and boardwalk don’t require a credit card or lots of coins.Ocean City replaced 800 traditional meters last summer with new meters that accept credit cards. The new meters were placed on most streets close to the Ocean City Boardwalk, on the north-end beachfront along Beach Road and E. Atlantic Boulevard and on the far south end along Central Avenue and 59th Street. The program also included parking lots near the Ocean City-Longport Bridge, across from Ocean City High School, and at 14th and 59th streets.An amended ordinance raised fees for the new credit-card meters from 25 cents per 15 minutes to 25 cents per 10 minutes (or $1.50 per hour).Meters in the downtown shopping district remained at 25 cents per hour. Fees for municipal parking lots vary depending on time and location.
When a new supergroup is born, it’s not the circumstances that matter as much as the music it makes. At Brooklyn Comes Alive 2017, Rooster Conspiracy—the brand-new group featuring Eric Krasno, Reed Mathis, Todd Stoops, and Jay Lane—showed that they could generate high-voltage mayhem and infuse fireworks into lengthy improvisations centered around the beloved catalog of the Grateful Dead.Rooster Conspiracy was actually born from Grateful Dead drummer Bill Kreutzmann‘s good intentions and celebratory spirit during the first few days of 2017. Having just rung in the new year in a friend’s backyard in Hawaii with a band that included his Billy & the Kids bandmate Reed Mathis and Mathis’ Electric Beethoven bandmate Todd Stoops, Kreutzmann was in the mood to keep jamming. When he heard that Eric Krasno just arrived on his little island of Kauai, he invited the guitarist to join in.The ensemble spent the better part of New Year’s Day casually jamming just for the fun of it. The following evening, Kreutzmann arranged for a surprise luau at his house. He had instruments set up in his garage and ready to go, so the four jammed again—this time going into unrehearsed Grateful Dead songs. This time around, they landed in a funky style that showcased Kreutzmann’s signature shuffle and locked in with Krasno’s jazz-club funk, Mathis’ constant drive for creation, and Stoops’ kinetic approach to the keyboards.The “Bill’s Garage” jam felt like a purification ceremony that opened up pathways for the new year. In a nod to both the time (the Chinese “Year of the Rooster” was just about to begin) and the place (Kauai, an island with wild roosters everywhere), the four new jamming buddies decided on the name “Rooster Conspiracy.”When Kreutzmann couldn’t make it to New York for Brooklyn Comes Alive, the rest of the guys wanted to bring their Dead-funk 2017 jams to Williamsburg. The group tapped the great Jay Lane of Ratdog and Primus fame for the highly anticipated first-ever East Coast edition of the Rooster Conspiracy. The resulting set turned out to be a nearly ninety-minute jam session that was, at the heart of it all, only two songs! Rooster Conspiracy proved that “It’s not always the destination it’s the journey,” weaving between the two songs like madmen and creating seemingly endless amounts of psychedelic space between them.We managed to get the entire set on one long video (though there is a short break in our camera footage during a speedy battery change), so you can get lost in the magic just as we did when it happened live. Enjoy!“Deal” > “Cassidy” > “Deal”
Fans will have more chances to catch Sinkane on tour this year, as the free-jazz/funk-rock fusion band centered around singer/guitarist Ahmed Gallab has added a run of fall dates to their 2019 performance schedule.Announced on Wednesday, Sinkane’s run of 2019 fall performances will begin on September 12th in Richmond, VA and continue for a month before wrapping on October 12th in Pittsburgh, PA. Throughout the month-long North American trek, Gallab and his band will make stops at a mix of venues including The Mothlight in Asheville, NC (9/14); The Basement East in Nashville, TN (9/15); The Parish in Austin, TX (9/21); The Fox Theatre in Boulder, CO (10/5); The Mill in Iowa City, IA (10/8); Old Rock House in St. Louis, MO (10/10); and the Thunderbird Café & Music Hall in Pittsburgh, PA (10/12); just to name a few.The new fall dates will add to the band’s previously-announced run of summer performances, which begin on June 4th in Zurich, Switzerland. The run of international and domestic summer tour dates will come to an end on June 29th following a show in Los Angeles.Gallab continues to build momentum towards the May 31st release of the band’s next studio album, Dépaysé. Since the album’s announcement back in late February, Sinkane has shared a trio of new singles including its title track, “Everybody”, and “Ya Sudan“.Tickets for the new fall shows go on sale Friday, May 17th. Fans can head to Sinkane’s website for tickets and tour info.Sinkane Fall Tour Dates9/12 – Richmond, VA – Richmond Music Hall at Capital Ale House9/13 – Durham, NC – Motorco9/14 – Asheville, NC – The Mothlight9/15 – Nashville, TN – The Basement East9/17 – Atlanta, GA – The Earl9/18 – New Orleans, LA – Gasa Gasa9/19 – Houston, TX – Last Concert Cafe9/20 – Dallas, TX – Three Links – Deep Ellum, TX9/21 – Austin, TX – The Parish9/24 – Phoenix, AZ – Last Exit Live9/30 – Sacramento, CA – Harlow’s Restaurant & Nightclub10/2 – Salt Lake City, UT – The State Room10/4 – Ft Collins, CO – Aggie Theatre10/5 – Boulder, CO – The Fox Theatre10/6 – Omaha, NE – Slowdown10/8 – Iowa City, IA – The Mill10/9 – Kansas City, MO – recordBar10/10 – St Louis, MO – Old Rock House10/12 -Pittsburgh, PA – Thunderbird Café & Music HallView New Tour Dates
Saint Mary’s students may be regularly exposed to toxic chemicals, according to a research project by senior Malia Hosoi-Gallucci.Shower curtains currently installed in Saint Mary’s dorms are made from polyvinyl chloride (PVC), which has been shown to give off a variety of volatile organic compounds and toxic chemicals.Hosoi-Gallucci, a global studies major, conducted the project for an anthropology class titled “Water, Culture and Sustainability,” taught by assistant professor of global studies Laura Elder. After learning about the toxicity of PVC, Hosoi-Gallucci decided to research the situation at Saint Mary’s regarding the school’s use of PVC shower curtains. She discovered PVC curtains were in wide use in the College’s dorms, despite the fact that vinyl chloride has been classified by the EPA as a Group A human carcinogen. However, the EPA — and all other federal agencies — does not have the authority to regulate the use of PVC plastics inside private homes.Hosoi-Gallucci said she alerted the administration, which was unaware that the shower curtains contained PVC. Benjamin Bowman, director of Saint Mary’s facilities, said in an email statement that the College is now looking into new curtain options.“At the last Going Green Committee meeting, Malia Hosoi-Gallucci shared her research on plastics and their impact on human health with the audience,” he said. “Members of the committee indicated that they should further explore alternative shower curtain options and my team has been working on this.“At Saint Mary’s, we educate and empower our students to address problems, seek solutions and make a difference in their communities. We are proud of Malia putting her research to action, and as a College, we are committed to a safe, sustainable solution. Currently, we are working with our supplier to identify a sustainable and durable replacement curtain.”A study by the Center for Health, Environment and Justice’s PVC Campaign showed that PVC curtains give off 10 different volatile organic compounds which, when inhaled, can cause health issues such as cataracts, nervous system depression, liver and kidney damage, narcotic effects, eye irritation, potential damage to fetuses and hematological disorders.“[These plastics] are not good for showers — especially for people who like to take hot showers,” Hosoi-Gallucci said. According to the EPA, inhalation of vinyl chloride fumes has been shown to increase the risks of a rare form of cancer, known as angiosarcoma. That “new car smell” people love is a result of these toxic fumes, Hosoi-Gallucci added. “New car smell is actually really bad because it’s off-gassing really bad chemicals,” she said. Notre Dame Building Services, when asked if the shower curtains at the University are the same as the curtains in use at Saint Mary’s, said in an email: “We’ve confirmed with Building Services that shower curtains used in the Notre Dame residence halls are made of 100 percent vinyl and do not include polyvinyl chloride (PVC) material.”Hosoi-Gallucci said the safest alternative to PVC curtains is hemp curtains, because “hemp is mildew and bacteria resistant” and doesn’t off-gas toxic chemicals. However, hemp shower curtains are significantly more expensive than the PVC variants — around $70 each, Hosoi-Gallucci said — and the cost of replacing every shower curtain at Saint Mary’s could be substantial. “[The administration] is definitely open to change. But again, the price is a factor, so they’re kind of like ‘maybe not,’” she said.Hosoi-Gallucci said she hopes that through her efforts working with the administration on this issue, more students will become aware of the situation and push for a healthier change.Tags: Chemicals, polyvinyl chloride, Saint Mary’s facilities, shower curtains
When Thomas Whiting left theUniversity of Georgia in 1982 with his master’s in poultry science,few knew how high he would let his education fly.Today, Whiting is president of WhitingFarms in Delta, Co. where more than 100,000 chicken pass througheach year. But none make it to the processing plant, and he doesn’traise them for eggs.The Secret’s in theFeathersWhiting raises chickens just for their feathers. And fly fishermenacross the world are glad he does.Called hackles in fly-fishing circles, the feathers are usedto make lures. The farm raises specially bred chickens for theirfly-tying feathers. He also raises a few black-meated meat chickens,some Junglefowl and about a half dozen pheasant species crosses.Through breeding, selection and other scientific methods, feathersare created that resemble the colors and textures of insects thatattract fish.Genetics is the Keyto His SuccessAfter graduating from UGA, Whiting went to the University ofArkansas and earned a doctorate in poultry genetics. He then foundedthe company that allows him to combine his education and his passion- big business.The farm casts out more than 2,200 different types of fishingproducts each year. Current sales are just under $4 million andgrowing. “I expect continued steady growth,” Whitingsaid, “maybe up to 250,000 birds per year in five years.”Worldwide HacklesIn April 1989, Whiting hatched out his first Hoffman chicks,from which Whiting Farms “Hoffman Hackle” has risento be the best and dominant hackle in the world market.In addition, Whiting created many new colors, 28 now and expanding.He also developed an “American Hackle” chicken linespecifically for salt water and salmon flies. In 1996, WhitingFarms added the number 2 quality genetic hackle stock known as”Herbert Hackle,” to complement its gene pool and productline.”We have now added further processing of some of our featherproducts in Mexico and Sri Lanka,” Whiting added.The Best in the MidwestLast year, Whiting Farms was named the Small Business Exporterof the Year by the Small Business Administration for Coloradoand SBA Region VIII which includes Colorado, Utah, Wyoming, Montanaand North and South Dakota. Whiting Farms also received the PioneerSpirit Award from the Delta Colorado Area Chamber of Commercerecognizing their rapid growth and contribution to the area economy.Whiting’s goal is to make Whiting Farms theproducer of quality fly-tying feathers in the world, and theyare well on their way. Whiting Farms sells their feathers worldwidewith Japan as their largest single foreign market. Canada, Europe,Australia and New Zealand also buy considerable quantities. Inall, Whiting Farms sells products to 30 countries and 46 states.(Photographs courtesy of Whiting Farms.)
With help from Waltz and UGA agronomist Bob Carrow, Esoda developed an outline for superintendents to follow. Because of Georgia’s diverse climate and soils, the BMPs would have to be specific to each golf course. “We’ve had to cut off watering roadside areas and driving ranges,” he said. “We’re saving water for our playing surfaces. It’s time to show the world that we walk the talk and prove that we’re good stewards of the environment.” To save and use water best, the plan needed expert input from the industry. “The original plan for golf was only exempting misting of greens,” he said. “That was unacceptable. Having us on an odd-even schedule wasn’t a smart watering plan, either,” because it would use more water, not less.Rallying the troops for the cause By Sharon OmahenUniversity of GeorgiaMark Esoda has a plan for how he’ll get his “lawn” through Georgia’s drought: stop watering here, cut mowing and fertilizing there. … His plan will save water on thousands of acres this year and keep hundreds of thousands of golfers happy. Esoda, the golf course superintendent for the Atlanta Country Club, developed his plan after taking an extensive class, “Best Management Practices for Golf Course Superintendents.”Class work, homework and extra credit”This was a national class we presented in California,” said Clint Waltz, one of the course’s instructors and a turfgrass specialist with the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. “We asked each participant to return to their home state and develop a ‘best management plan’ for their facility.” “This isn’t a one-size-fits-all situation,” Waltz said. “South Georgia’s conditions aren’t similar to north Georgia’s. The soils are different, the environments are different and the grasses are different.”A promise kept Last week, Esoda made good on his promise, and then some. He handed EPD Director Carol Couch 229 BMPs. Now 89 percent of GGCSA members have them for their golf courses. Esoda has put his course’s plan into action. Previous water rulings, he said, have unjustly singled out golf courses as nonessential water users. “They are essential,” he said, “economically and environmentally.”Managing a precious resource “We have a bad reputation when it comes to water usage,” Esoda said. “Everyone thinks we use too much water and too many inputs. The truth is we don’t use too many inputs and we do manage our water.” Esoda made a deal: Give him three years and he’d have 75 percent of the GGCSA members using water BMPs. Waltz said the superintendents have elevated themselves in the eyes of state regulatory agencies. They “want to be viewed as part of the solution, not the problem,” he said. “(Couch) called the superintendents pioneers in the area of water conservation.” “Superintendents are smart,” he said, “and they should be doing this anyway. They should be monitoring their water usage. It’s just good management.” He met first with the Environmental Protection Division of the Georgia Department of Natural Resources. “This was 2004,” Esoda said. “At the time, the state’s outdoor water management plan was being developed.” Businesses that rely heavily on water, such as golf courses, would be devastated if the state cut off their access or strongly restricted their usage, Esoda said. “We don’t feel that the state would ever cut us off completely,” he said. “But now, we have plans and strategies in place for what to do if they do turn the water off or add more restrictions.” Esoda did his homework and extra credit, too. He decided to encourage fellow members of the Georgia Golf Course Superintendent’s Association to develop BMPs for their courses. Besides saving and managing water, Esoda saw the plans as a way to show that when it comes to preserving the environment, golf course superintendents are forward thinkers.
National Financial Literacy Month begins today, and with it, the public recognition by elected officials of the importance of financial education–a keystone of the credit union movement.President Barack Obama proclaimed April as National Financial Capability Month. “This month, let us encourage informed financial decisions and promote resources that help the American people make them,” he wrote in Thursday’s proclamation.Governors nationwide signed proclamations for Financial Literacy Month as well, while some specifically noted Money Smart Week, April 23-30, or Credit Union Youth Month. County commissions and city councils also issued proclamations about the importance of financial education. continue reading » 5SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr
Charges:Criminal possession of stolen property 3rd degree, a class D felonyCriminal possession of stolen property 4th degree, a class E felonyCriminal possession of a weapon 4th degree, a class A misdemeanorCriminal possession of a controlled substance 7th degree, a class A misdemeanorResisting arrest, a class A misdemeanor (WBNG) — The Broome County Sheriff’s Office released an update regarding the arrest of the man in connection with the police pursuit on Tuesday afternoon. (WBNG) — A police chase that began in Broome County ended in Tioga County with one subject being taken into custody Tuesday afternoon. The sheriff’s office said the van was reportedly traveling westbound on State Route 206 in Greene and was headed toward Broome County. They say they spotted the vehicle and attempted to stop it, but the operator of the vehicle would not comply. May 20, 2:19 P.M. UPDATE: (WBNG) — Broome County Sheriff’s Office arrested one person in connection with the police pursuit this afternoon. Additionally, the sheriff’s office said that after towing the vehicle, they found a muzzle-loader long gun, laptops, various tools, a generator, bicycles and more. —— The sheriff’s office said that was when they located 39-year-old male Bradley Hesco. They say Hesco tried to run away from the officers, but they were able to take him into custody. The sheriff’s office said they received a tip at about 3:00 p.m. that a FedEx van was reported stolen early in the morning on Monday, May 18. They say the van was reported stolen from N. Brotzman Road in the Town of Chenango. Police officials say the vehicle pursuit traveled through Whitney Point, Lisle, Richford, Berkshire and Newark Valley. They also say once the pursuit reached Newark Valley, the driver turned off the road, parked the vehicle and attempted to run off on foot. —– Captain Kate Newcomb with the Broome County Sheriff’s Office told 12 News the subject stole a FedEx truck. The truck was reported stolen on Monday. The truck is in possession of the Broome County Sheriff’s Office. 7:53 P.M. UPDATE: Capt. Newcomb says a deputy noticed the truck on Route 79 in the Town of Lisle and a chase ensued before ending in Newark Valley. Bradley Hesco, 39, was taken into custody, interviewed and ultimately charged. Captain Newcomb says it’s too early to comment on potential charges.